ENGGER SUB 바이올린 활 잡기 How to Hold a Violin Bow GeigeBogenhaltung


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This video is based on the methodes of Simon Fischer, Lucien Capet, Ivan Galamian. Hello, Here is Jiyoung! Today we will learn about how to hold a violin bow. I had to think a lot about this particular topic, because it is subject to individual preferences, and depends on the size of an individual´s hands, as well as their individual schooling. Let´s work together today, and find a position that is right for you based on the theories I have prepared. Thumb Pressure against the Bow Thumb pressure against the bow is sometimes weak, and sometimes strong. This depends on the amount of pressure applied to the string, and the section of the bow in which we are playing. Directly under the frog, the pressure between the thumb and bow can be very light despite making a very loud sound, while at the tip of the bow, the thumb must use a lot of force to counterbalance the pressure coming from the other fingers. No matter how big a sound you make, or how great the pressure from the other fingers, the thumb pressure should always be as light as possible, depending on each situation. No more than necessary! Flexibility of the Thumb Thumb movement is a very important part of nearly every kind of bow stroke. A stiff thumb can negatively influence the entire bow arm. let´s practice our thumb flexibility together! We will repeat one note many times,using the whole bow. The hand and finger should remain flexible and relaxed. At each bow, we bend and straighten our thumbs, the other fingers as well. Thumb and middle finger The thumb and middle finger create the very central structure of the bow grip. The middle finger should sit squarely to the left of the thumb. A bow grip with the thumb between the middle and ring finger can cause a great deal of unnecessary strain and tension in the thumb saddle joint. The right hand naturally takes the shape of a propper bow grip, even without a bow! Try moving your thumb towards your little finger. The closer you get, the more tension you create in the muscle of your thumb! The thumb should also not sit between the middle and index finger, because this can cause an imbalance in the hand. In this case, you would have three fingers on one side of the thumb,and only one on the other. Little finger When you play in the lower half of the bow, the little finger controls the pressure of the bow on the string, and functions just like a seesaw. In the upper half of the bow, your index finger does the balancing , to control pressure and prevent the sound from being pushed or squeezed. Some violin schools suggest that you must remove your little finger from the bow when you play in the upper half of the bow. If you do this, just be careful not to damage the sound by pushing excessively with the index finger! Spacing between the fingers When holding the bow, the four fingers should be placed with spacing similar to when the hand hangs loosely from the wrist. The gap between the index finger and the rest can be greater, so that the fingers can control most of the bow, and hold the rest securely. Be careful! Maintaining too wide a gap between these fingers can cause the entire hand to become stiff. And maintaining too close a gab between these fingers can reduce our ability to control the bow. This can cause too much pressure on the string, making an irritating sound. The worst case is to hold your fingers together , which is very unnatural and you can get unnecessary tension. Relaxed Bow Position Professor Ivan Galamian compared his right hand to a spring, saying “Sometimes you need to be loose, and sometimes you need to be flexible and resilient.” Sometimes it seems like the bow doesn´t move at all. Sometimes the activity is very obvious. How much you need to move depends on each individual hand, and the degree of muscle movement required for each movement. Relaxed Hand The bow hand fingers must always be flexible while playing. Because of the constantly changing nature of our bowstrokes while playing any piece of music, we need to anticipate the changes our bow grip will need in the coming notes as we play. Note by note, our brain sends millions of signals to our fingers, constantly changing their contact with the bow. These nearly imperceptible modifications are instinctive reactions to musical ideas, changing the contact between bow and string, and cannot be taught or learned. The bow needs to maintain a reserve of control, so that spontaneous problems may be dealt with promptly and without interrupting our sound or musical progress. The more relaxed, and quick-reacting our muscles are, the more clearly we can differentiate our movements. We must be able to make distinct, immediate changes in our bow hand when we have different markings, for example, when we must make an immediate switch between a legato and staccato stroke. You can make this change quickly if the muscles in your hand are relaxed enough during your Legato Strong and Powerful Performance In a strong and powerful performance, the fingers hold the bow firmly. It is not incorrect to hold the bow strongly, if you always release tension in the moment when it is no longer necessary or required to maintain your sound. However, it is important to remember to balance your bow and grip strength, to avoid rigidity in your hand! Weight Division in the Hand When you apply weight to a string and play, you sometimes apply pressure only with the index finger, distorting the sound. To avoid this, you must apply weight with the entire hand. Let´s compare the sound when we play with pressure applied only by the index finger vs. the whole hand. Pressure applied by index finger No Pressure applied by index finger Let´s see what it feels like to divide our weight. As if holding a cello bow, lower the bottom of your little finger to the outside of the frog and play several up and down bows in a forte dynamic. Can you feel the weight spread through your hands? This time, I am going to try to feel it while holding the bow normally. Today we worked on a few things that we need to know to hold the bow. As I said at the beginning, search for the right bow grip and position for each individual based on the techniques outlined in this video. See you next time! If you like the video, don't forget to subscribe by hitting Like.