How to Express Regret in English should have could have would have

Author:

Learn English with EnglishClass101.com

Keywords:

how to express regret in english,expressing regret,regret in english,should have,could have,would have,regrets,englishclass101.com,englishclass101,learn english,easy,fast,longplay,compilation,fun,simple,learn while you sleep,english exposure,english immersion,get better at english,live,livestream,tv,english tv,american english,british english

Subtitles:
but welcome back to our weekly live stream my name is Alicia and in this week's lesson we are going to talk about a very common question how to use should have could have and would have in everyday conversation I'm also going to talk about making negative statements so today's lesson will be focused on making statements I'm not going to really talk so much about making questions today we're going to talk about the differences between these three patterns so I'm going to try to use a lot of examples on the board today but I hope that you send lots of examples in the chat as well so we will wait a couple minutes for other people to join us live while we wait please don't forget to send a message in the chat make sure to like and share the video also so other learners can find it and what else get some stuff ready to write about so you can take notes about today's lesson we'll start in about two minutes in the meantime a couple announcements announcement one I guess we'll talk about that picture first okay and that's but one if you have not seen our culture series which is on the English class 101 YouTube channel please check it out yesterday we made the third episode of this series so the culture series is not just about like language it's not only about learning English we're talking about cultural points as well so for example the first episode of the series was about American convenience stores our second episode will be out very soon and this third episode has to do with cities cities so this was from yesterday if you have not seen the first episode please search on the English class 101 youtube channel for convenience stores you will find it right away so that's the first thing second thing is don't forget as always free stuff as well so this is the banner we always have here but this is sorry so I'll move here this is just screenshot of all of the different PDFs you can find from the link below the video if you are watching this on youtube or above the video on Facebook so please check this out these are all free to download lots of you asked like how do we download these what's the process so if you would like to download these you need an account on our website so if you click the link the next thing you'll see is something like this kind of like this so you can make an account for free with your email address here if you have an account just login so you'll do that once you have an account you can download whatever you like for free so this is the family and relatives one but we have many more so please check it out check it out check it out ok that is everything for announcements I see many people in all of the chats hello Alberto Chris Pratt oh my gosh it's Pratt is in the chat today hi everybody i'll alexei hello gyro sorry if i mispronounce your name penelope name hello on facebook rainey hello Hal and Maria hi hi everybody there are lots of people preach we have lots of good stuff to talk about so let's get started I'm going to share the video and then I'm going to begin today's lesson there we are okay so as I said today's focus will be on using should have could have and would have so a big theme with this grammar is regret regret so what is regret regret is sad feelings about something that happened or did not happen in the past so we're going to focus a lot on like sad things in the past okay so let's begin with should and shouldn't have first how do we make a statement with should and shouldn't have we use our subject so that's I you we she and so on and then we add should have for a positive statement or shouldn't have for a negative statement this is the change we make for positive and for negative then we use a past participle verb past participle verb so like eaten or gone for example so what is the difference here what does this even mean when we make a positive sentence so subject should have past participle verb we're talking about something that did not happen in the past so in this diagram the blue color means a positive expression so this is something that did not happen in the past I marked it with an X and we feel sad about it like we're not happy about it this thing did not happen and I feel sad I feel regret when we make a negative sentence subject shouldn't have plus past participle verb it means that thing it happened it did happen something happened and we feel sad about it so positive did not happen negative did happen this is maybe seems a little bit backwards so let's practice this with a few example sentence so many of you are students I know so a common example is I should have studied or I should have studied more so let's break this one down my subject is I I follow my subject which should have right here I should have studied is the past participle form of study and in this case I use more so this means I should have studied more than I did so I studied a little bit but my regret is I didn't study enough I didn't study enough so I should have studied more this sentence means because it's positive I'm using positive should have here this idea so this did not happen so I studied a little bit but I should have studied more I should have studied more so this is a very common one for students for sure for anyone studying anything really for language whatever so I should have studied more is a very common example okay let's take a look at a negative now a negative let's use I shouldn't I shouldn't have eaten that Andy I often have this regret this is true there's a weird peppermint thing in the office anyway I shouldn't have eaten that candy this is a common regret for some people for me for sure so let's again let's break this down so we begin with I is my subject again me I negative shouldn't have should not have the reduced form here I shouldn't have eaten eaten is the past participle form of the verb eat and what that candy so this means here because it's a negative this is a negative that means this happened I know that this pattern means this thing happened there's a check here it's kind of hard to see and a sad face so I shouldn't have eaten that candy that means I ate the candy and maybe I feel sick or I ate the candy and now I have too much energy maybe whatever so I feel some regret about this thing in the past I shouldn't have eaten that candy so this is a positive and a negative example also a pronunciation point about this and we'll talk about it for the others too when we pronounce this should have and this shouldn't have we make it very quick and very short so let's listen this should have I should have studied more sounds like I should have studied more at native speed I should have studied more so this should have sounds like should shoulda it's like we put an A at the end of I should have studied more I should have studied more this is how a native speaker pronounces should have so you'd usually do not here have here should have studied more in the negative we do the same thing shouldn't have shouldn't have is pronounced as should not should not so this should not this it sound and shouldn't becomes and it's hard to hear this sound close to the mic shouldn't it's true it's true shouldn't should that well it's hard to hear the end zone so shouldn't have becomes Shabnam should have becomes up some examples are coming in hello someone says I should not have trusted him perfect perfect example Diego says he shouldn't have eaten so much candy maybe sounds good he shouldn't have eaten so much candy good I saw one more I think I do too but it's gone now that's okay it's not a couple yeah there's a bunch there sorry YouTube Aparna said we should have completed our work perfect someone says delete says I should have studied more with Alisha whoo yeah thanks for studying now perfect sentence other examples uh ah Xiu says I should have washed washed my face before watching this stream maybe so past participle verb past participle of wash is washed I should have washed my face golly says you should have brought my wallet perfect perfect very nice very nice some other examples masa hagun masa Amasya says I shouldn't have done it good I shouldn't have done it is a great one to use great pattern thanks for that mafia I shouldn't have done it or I shouldn't have done that this is a great point for everybody to remember I shouldn't have done that is super useful because that can mean anything in the past when you make a mistake and you feel bad about it especially for like kids or maybe if you have a problem in like your friendship or something you can like apologize and say I shouldn't have done that shouldn't have done that I'm sorry I shouldn't have done that it's a great pattern great pattern uh some other ones Johan says I shouldn't have drank a lot of beer oh that's relatable for sure okay someone sorry I can't read your name on YouTube who the characters I should not have said that to you sorry perfect nice examples everybody great great should have and should not have sounds really good okay sounds good let's take a break then and we'll go to could could have and could not have next very nice examples everybody awesome so get ready for it could have next in the meantime let's shall I show physical items or shall we see a picture we shall see a picture which I'll do both oh my gosh we have the technology okay so I showed you the free stuff that's always last week and gave some tips if you are having trouble downloading all of our free stuff these things are the same as these here like travel ones or food ones whatever if you want to download these you can click the link below the video on YouTube or above the video if you're watching on Facebook if you're watching on Instagram go to YouTube or Facebook I can't see your comments live sorry go here and if you have an account please login and with your account to your email address if you do not have an account you can make one for free and after you do that you can download all this stuff all this stuff from the link so that's the three steps to get all of this free stuff so today we're talking about regrets a lot but you can use this with any verb so with travel related verbs like some of you have said I should have gone there someone that I should have gone to that Island or we're talking about food I shouldn't have eaten that for example or if you are talking about shopping for clothes I shouldn't have bought those expensive shoes for example so you can practice this grammar with any verb any verb and we all have things we wish we had had not done for sure so check out all of that free stuff from the link below the video on youtube or above the video on Facebook okay let's continue thanks everybody for your example sentences in part 1 let's go on now to part 2 if you're just joining we're talking about should have could have and would have the video is being recorded so please check the first part of today's lesson also if you have not already make sure to like and share the video so other people can find it alrighty let's continue to part 2 part 2 is about using could and couldn't have could and could it have so exactly as we did with should and shouldn't have when we make the statement when we make our statement we use subject + could have + past participle verbs so this is exactly the same we've just replaced should with could in the negative it's also the same subject couldn't tap plus past participle verb so you'll notice this pattern this is the same for all three points today but this change is very important so what does could have or couldn't have mean let's talk about positives and negatives again first in a positive statement it means that thing in the past something in the past did not happen that thing did not happen but it was possible it was possible so on my diagram here this is my timeline here's now here's the past so this is my action I marked with an X so this did not happen but it was possible it did not happen but it was possible let's compare this to the negative n so that thing was impossible in the that thing was not possible in the past so this is the key difference so this is very different from should have and shouldn't have yeah so that's very like about regrets this is talking more about possibility and we often use it for regret not always but we often use it for regret so again positive did not happen but it was possible and negative was not possible in the past so let's practice with some example sentences okay first one let's practice with a positive I could have helped you with your am I still in Frank homework okay up by writing okay with your homework alright that's a long sentence sorry I could have helped you with your homework okay so ouch so I showed you this part right here so up to this part is the same as this so in this case these are my sentence details I could have helped you with your homework so here my subject is I used could have here to make a positive and my past participle verb is helped at native speed this sounds like I could have helped you with my with your homework sorry I could have helped you with your homework so what does this sentence mean this sentence means I did not help you with your homework I did not help you in the past but it was possible it was possible I had time I was near you I was at school I could have helped you but I didn't like maybe I didn't know so I could have helped you with your homework so this is a positive example positive one I could have but I didn't so positive sentence yes did not happen this action did not happen okay so let's move on to a negative example of them a negative example let's change the subject then let's change it she couldn't have eaten that pizza by herself she couldn't have eaten that pizza by herself so let's imagine for this sentence maybe you're sitting in a restaurant and you see a young woman like a very young woman maybe she's like 10 years old with a huge pizza and then later the pizza is gone and you think what she's so small like there's no way she couldn't have eaten that pizza by herself so my subject is she I'm using the negative couldn't have my past participle verb is eaten and here are my sentence details she couldn't have eaten that pizza by herself by herself means alone just her her only she couldn't have eaten that pizza by herself so this sentence means this situation so eating the pizza by hers was impossible so she's like a tiny tiny girl with a giant pizza like it's bigger than her so this situation was impossible in the past we use couldn't have plus past participle verb to express that point so this is the difference between positive and negative with could have and couldn't have so again a pronunciation point just as I talked about with should have and shouldn't have could have sounds like coulda gooda I could have helped you I could have helped you with your homework I could have come to your party I could wash the dishes but I didn't so coulda similarly couldn't have sounds like couldn't uh couldn't uh she couldn't eat in that pizza by herself that's what a native speaker would say I couldn't have come that couldn't have been him couldn't uh couldn't have some examples from you guys great someone says I couldn't have bought the cars mmm agency I'm not quite sure what that one means sorry about that I couldn't have prepared breakfast for us this morning okay maybe I I couldn't I couldn't prepare breakfast for us this morning as a little bit different I could have had two children I could have had two children so don't forget when this verb when this verb is have the past participle form is had so yes it's correct to say it could have had I could have had two children okay my rista Madrid East uh sorry I could have gone there good Florence says she couldn't have gone to school by herself perfect good Yadira says I could have bought food for dinner good good so that means it didn't happen or wait sorry what was your sentence I could have bought I could have bought food for dinner so it sounds like I could have I didn't but I could if it was possible I could have bought food for dinner good they could have studied English ten years ago yes exactly so again that means that did not happen but it was possible amer on Facebook says she couldn't have done the homework by herself good example nice someone said a cam boy on Facebook says I could have had three children so no s children is plural good it's going very fast I couldn't yeah I couldn't watch I couldn't watch the live last one say okay a little bit different a little bit different grammar point we're focusing on couldn't have couldn't tap okay he couldn't have oh they couldn't have come yet good good good they couldn't have come yet so it's not possible for them to come yet good I couldn't have studied English without you whew thanks good good some good examples coming in but this one's a little tricky I couldn't don't forget this half don't forget this half so I think some people looking at the chat I think some people the issue I see if some people are using simple past to talk about like ability in the past like I couldn't come to work yesterday that's like an impossible situation yesterday sure but like I couldn't have like done something we're talking about other kinds of like impossibility in the past there so not like simple past tense possibility a little different okay let's continue time is running out so let's continue on to a break and then we'll go to the third point some other good examples are coming in no I couldn't have passed the University exam when I was fifteen very nice example okay let's take one more quick break and then we'll go to our last point for today again if you missed it before free stuff okay free stuff we won't show you the screenshots this time but I showed you a couple of these PDFs before so as I've said you can use all of these to practice today's grammar point so we're talking about should have could have and would have we practice these with a verb so for example if you are visiting a hotel I shouldn't have booked that hotel or I could have booked that hotel but I didn't or if you are talking with your family you could use this as well so like for example I should have called my mother yesterday or I could have visited my parents last week but I didn't so we can use all of these grammar points with all of these different topics so if you would like to download these vocabulary sheets please check the link below the video on youtube or above the video on Facebook if you're watching on Instagram please check YouTube or Facebook please remember I cannot see your comments in real time okay let's continue to the last point for today's lesson tricky point would have and wouldn't have would have and wouldn't have let's get going so last point for today also if you have not make sure to like and share the video okay would have and wouldn't have as I've talked about already this follows the same pattern as could and couldn't have and should and shouldn't have so we begin with our subject we use would have and we use the past participle form of a verb or to make the negative form we use subject plus wooden have plus the past participle form another point about this in particular is that we use this I think many of you know about the third conditional the third conditional is when we use like some kind of if statement yeah so like if I had known or like if he had come there's some kind of if situation there we very commonly use this together with if conditionals so we're making a third it's called the third type the third conditional type statements so let's compare then again positives and negatives with this would have and wouldn't have first make a positive statement we're saying if the past situation had been different this would have been my plan so I my plan would be or my plan will be so we imagine I'm in the past in a different situation so this is not a true situation and in this different situation my plan is but what's difficult here is this did not happen so it may be hard to see here but this I've marked with an X so this thing not happen but I want to express my plan if the past were different so again this did not happen this thing did not happen I'll show an example in a moment conversely on the other hand in the negative form this thing did happen it did happen but in a different situation it might not have happened so in a different situation in the past again I imagine myself in the past in a different situation this thing it did happen but maybe I have a different plan so this is maybe kind of tricky we're talking about totally unreal past situations here so I think it's some languages this type of grammar doesn't exist so it's a bit tricky so let's practice with some examples all righty let me find my example oh I pad is frozen there we go my notes okay so let's look at a positive example first I would have helped you with your homework if I had had time I would have helped you with your homework if I had had time so let's focus on this part right here I would have helped you with your homework let's begin right here so I would have helped that's this part subject I would have plus past participle verb helped I would have helped so this means in the past I did not help you with your homework I did not help you with your homework but if this situation had been true it was not true if this situation had been true I would have meaning my plan was to help you so this did not happen this did not happen but if the past were different this would be my plan so this is how we talk about like kind of regrets a little bit a little bit of regret so in this case if I had had time if I had had time this means I did not have time I did not have time but if I had had time I would have helped you with your homework this is what we this is maybe like a common expression if I had had time I would have something if I had had time I would have helped you with your homework another point about this one is we can switch the order so I've introduced this I would have first at the beginning of the sentence you can change it so the if statement can come first that's okay as well okay let's go I'm out of time so let's quickly go to a negative example let's see let's use a short one okay let's use this one I wouldn't have been so upset if you and just called me okay negative example I wouldn't have been so upset if you had just called me so the tone of voice I would use and this one would be very angry probably I wouldn't have been so upset if you had just called me so someone's probably very angry or sad when they say this this means so I wouldn't have been then as the past participle verb here so I wouldn't have been means I was upset I was upset in the past but if you this is my 8th conditional if you had called me in the past I would not have been upset so I was upset but if you had called me I would not have been upset so again totally not a real situation not a true situation so for negatives again it did happen but in a different situation it might not have happened positive situations it did not happen in a different situation it might not so this is how we use would and wouldn't have quick of course okay so some examples from you real quick and then we have to finish up for today if I won the lottery I would buy about slightly different conditional let's practice using would have would have I would have bought a new car if I had won the lottery Paul I would have bought a new car if I had won the lottery other ones I would have visited Alisha on my last travel to Dubai at that time huh nice one garrison I would have studied music if I had had a chance so again a nice example Veronica if I had had a chance so I know it sounds weird but this is correct when have is your verb here when I had had is correct if I had had time you need to change have to had to make the past participle form I would have helped you with your homework if I hadn't been so busy so maybe a couple of things to practice today some people can practice this compared to simple past tense couldn't and another thing is to practice using making the third form conditional lots of you are using wood with no have here so maybe one point to practice is using would have with the past participle alright I have to end today's lesson oh my gosh it went so fast so thank you to everybody for joining us today next week I'm going to do a lesson about phrasal verbs so many have asked about phrasal verbs and it's quite challenging to just throw a bunch of verbs at you with no category so next week's category will be phrasal verbs for the office phrasal verbs for the office or phrasal verbs you can use at work that will be our topic for next week so the date next week will be July 3rd July 3rd yeah July 3rd Wednesday July 3rd at 10 p.m. Eastern Standard I'm that is New York City time if you do not know you're a local time please google it so next week we don't have it on screen but next week we'll be phrasal verbs for the office so a vocabulary heavy lesson for next week I hope that it's helpful for lots of you even if you don't work in an office I will try to make the lesson so you can use it like at school as well so please join us again next week at 10 p.m. Eastern Standard Time thank you so much to everybody for sending your example sentences definitely review these grammar points especially these two I think and enjoy your studies so thanks everybody again for liking sharing that was awesome and we will see you again next week don't forget to download your free stuff to enjoy your week enjoy your weekend I will see you again next time you

Loading