The End of NAFTA December 11 2019

a pair of US political stories headline today's edition of CNN 10 and they both concern the House of Representatives and President Donald Trump I'm Carl azuz with a down the middle explanation of what's going on first Democratic leaders of the House have announced they'll bring two articles of impeachment to formal charges against President Trump those charges are abuse of power and obstruction of Congress they're related to a controversial phone call the American president had in July with the president of Ukraine Democrats say President Trump abused his power by pressuring Ukraine to investigate the son of political rival Joe Biden a former US vice president who's running for the presidency in 2020 Democrats say president Trump obstructed Congress by not fully cooperating with the House impeachment investigation there are questions about whether these two charges are impeachable offenses Democrats generally say they are Republicans generally say they aren't the Constitution says a president can be removed from office if convicted of quote treason bribery or other high crimes and misdemeanors both President Trump and Ukrainian president Vladimir's olenski have said nothing illegal took place on their phone call and House Republicans say their chambers investigation was unfair and biased against the US president but the stage is set for a vote next week on the House floor where a simple majority of lawmakers will determine whether there are sufficient grounds for impeachment if the house which is controlled by Democrats votes that there are a trial will be held in the Senate which is controlled by Republicans and analysts expect it will find the president not guilty and that he can remain in office but all this is being watched very closely because neither of those votes has actually happened yet second political headline concerns the u.s. MCA the u.s. Mexico Canada trade agreement it would replace NAFTA the North American Free Trade Agreement that took effect in 1994 but that President Trump has called the worst trade deal in American history for most of his term his administration's worked with Canada and Mexico on a new agreement and the u.s. MCA is the result but it has to be approved by Congress first and though House Democrats now say it's much better than NAFTA they had some initial objections to the deal yesterday Democratic leaders said they'll support it now that some revisions have been made observers say this will be a legislative success for President Trump if it passes in the House and Senate ten-second trivia more than 44% of the land in the United States is covered by what concrete farmland forests or water agricultural land takes up about 44 percent of the land in America followed by forests which account for 33 percent some growers are promoting vertical and underground farms as relatively new ways to cultivate crops without taking up much space this can happen in buildings shipping containers or tunnels as you're about to see there are some disadvantages to this for one thing they're expensive to get started even if you already have an abandoned building or tunnel to start with you're gonna need the technology that can mean a lot of artificial light and energy use for another these farming methods might not work for all crops and it could result in higher costs for what is grown but when everything goes right deep under the mountains of South Korea with no natural sunlight something is growing it's a salad this is the world's first commercial tunnel farm constructed inside a disused highway tunnel and chair jay bin is the person who created it returned an animal to choke was up tall rodent inaudible the tunnel sharp curve caused several collisions so they decided to carve out a new more gently curved route right next door the old tunnel all 600 meters of it is now being used to grow salads leafy greens even strawberries and to encourage them to grow classical music is being played throughout the tunnel che actually recommends Beethoven and Schubert [Music] endure family Adam conjunct German future damage Anita get her sweet telling because I'm content remember using LED lights allows che and his team to grow crops all year round there are also what gives the farm its pink glow they emit only the spectrum of light the plants used to photosynthesize in a band organ into our farmer Solaris or wouldn't and gain a dinner trip is a wins upload your imagine in their underground and potato would wanna you keep all we should wear a nice little Dakota you know John Wooden don't you dare get there when they're and that's what makes this farm uniquely successful in fact che has plans to build many more farms using the same technology but in suitable urban locations a Pronin to shiozawa literate in doomed an assassin's analyst of will you eat old Hannon grunting a guy job so digital una de Chavannes at all accounts toys at all tuna and sahaja yoga Soto grin all wampum young Tegra who possessing together cause of equipment [Music] SLS and Artemus are two terms you'll need to know going into our next story SLS is short for Space Launch System a massive rocket that NASA hopes will return people to the moon it's now assembled and ready for testing but it's seen a lot of delays and cost increases along the way Artemis is nasa's next moon program and a space industry analyst says it's already had trouble getting the funding it needs to get off the ground it's taken seven years to get here over fourteen billion dollars so Jim tell us why does NASA need SLS so the SLS rocket is the only rocket right now in the world that's going to be qualified to take humans all the way to the moon of course we have other rockets that are qualified to fly humans but there is nothing the take takes humans all the way to the moon and so when we do the Artemis program which is a return to the moon sustainably with commercial partners and international partners where we're going to use the resources of the moon to learn how to live and work for long periods of time and then we're going to take all of that knowledge on to Mars this is the this is the key capability that's going to enable all of that to happen all right one thing that would be great to have some clarity on is the per launch cost of SLS so when we think about the cost of an SLS rocket per launch it really quite frankly depends on how many we buy in a certain package so if you buy one SLS rocket it's going to be very expensive I would say on the order of 1.6 billion dollars if we buy multiple SLS rockets maybe as many as ten or twelve it can get down under under a billion dollars 800 million dollars per copy but look these are all estimates at this point NASA needs to sit down with with its prime contractor Boeing to negotiate the best solution to to getting the the right mix of the number of rockets and the cost per rocket but at this point we're under contract to build - and of course we want to go to the moon in 2024 we're going to need at least a third and maybe even more rockets after that now earlier this year you told me that Artemis would cost in the range of thirty billion dollars are you still on track for that I think that that could prove to be a very accurate number I will tell you we are working through a budget request right now for 2021 and in that budget request we will have the out-years which will show the entire cost of the Artemis program to land the first woman and the next man on the South Pole of the moon by 2024 so yes I think that that's probably in the ballpark but I'm not going to nail down any numbers until we negotiate the final solution on all of these different budget parameters and can you give us any further details about the lucky individuals who will be flying on this thing we know that one of them will be a woman can you give us any more details on who that female might be well I'll tell you this we do have a very diverse highly qualified astronaut corps and we've got a number of women that are perfectly capable of doing the job and they are all very excited about the opportunity to be the first woman on the moon for ten out of ten here's an event we're getting the X is how you get the party started this is the world axe-throwing championships it was held recently in Arizona attracting ax throwers from yes around the world and before you laughs the prize was $15,000 and the event was broadcast on ESPN this is not something you should practice in your living room or probably anywhere outside a designated acts range but if you're a lumberjack's who knows jacks and hacks about the exact saying and some would say relaxing sport of axing you wouldn't be slack saying or finding anything taxing about attack saying a sort of board game to test your mettle while you get a handle on busting the competition's chops I'm Carl azuz reporting just the facts on CNN test [Music]