004 Make a rabbet plane 12

Last time we made an edge plane. This time we will make a rabbet plane to match it. This is a pre planed stock for the project. Nothing on it, just a plain plank. We will use it to make a rabbet plane. The making of a rabbet plane is similar to an edge plane. We will draw the lines first. Our last plane was 24 cm. This one is 28 cm. Find the middle line, 14 cm here. Draw the line in the middle and check the blade size. This is a rabbet plane blade. Draw the second line a little wider than the blade. These are the two lines. After that, draw the angle of one against one (one inch wide against one inch height, so 45 degree) Only for special rabbet plane, you will need the different angle. Check again the blade width, add the thickness of the wedge and connect the end points. Two paralell lines here and connect these two ends. So much for the lines of the rabbet plane. The lines are drawn straight but the cut will be sloped. Try the blade and estimate the slope needed. This is the cut will extends. Next we will cut it. There are left hand or right hand planes. For the right hand plane, the cut needs to slope toward inside. Make a slope cut. Cut straight or you will need more chisel work later. This cut is enough. Move over a little bit and make the second cut. Measure the blade and find the middle point. Prepare to chisel the hole. Check this side, the kerf doesn't follow the line drawn. You draw the guide line but saw with a slope. For this side, the kerf follows the line. Of course if you can draw the sloped line, it is better. But often it is not necessary. Just follow the cut. You will need a hole to insert the blade. Now let's chisel the hole out. This is a rather deep hole. You need to follow the angle to make the hole. This plane only has one hole. It is not so easy a chisel task. Follow the hole direction and use a drill to complete the hole. Watch out for the drilling direction. Need a little more. Another drilling here. Now it is through. Chisel to flatten the hole. The hole is done and the blade should be this way. You need to clear the waste here. The waste is off. Cut a circle here. No standard size for the circle, just the feeling. Some kind of rabbet plane only have a circle on one side. We will make a small circle this side and a larger one on the other side. This kind of rabbet plane is more easy to use. This is a round chisel. Cut directly. This side has a smaller circle and only requires several strikes. For the other sider, the circle is a little bigger, because the blade is sloped. This is almost done, several strikes more for smoother shavings. Not a difficult project but you need to know how to make it. The circle is done. Looks good. Check the hole. The blade needs to fit in. Needs more chisel work. The tighter the fit, the better. Should be enough. Flatten this edge too. Hehe, the blade is still wider for the cut. Needs to saw a little more. This should do. Let's check again. Still not enough. The blade doesn't go in. You need these long chisels for this work. People says, 30 percent of skills and 70 percent of tools. Now it goes in. Check the mouth -- it is sloped. The mouth didn't cut well. Another chisel work is still needed. Polish until a tight fit. Rarely you can get a perfect cut. Because the essential idea of making tool is to fix a tool. People says, you can't claim a good carpenter if you don't know how to fix a tool. This is it. Check it. This is the mouth. A wedge will complete the work. Now the blade doesn't align well with the mouth. I will grind the blade and make the wedge.