A Quick History Of Tibet

with the harsh cold and dry climate in the north and the southern climates softened by the high eastern and southern valleys the geography of Tibet is fairly more diverse than most people realize even the world's highest mountain Mount Everest is on the border of Tibet and Nepal but the real highlight of this landlocked region lies in its fierce past [Music] being the highest ancient palace in the world the potala palace has stood for centuries as a landmark testifying the buddhist people and their faiths which are the majority of Tibet's population after the fifth Dalai Lama defeated that shigatse Kings with Mongol support he moved the capital to Lhasa later building the palace in the city center the potala palace is split into the Red Palace and the white palace the Red Palace designated as a house of prayer was used to study Buddhism and the advancement of the religion the white palace was home to ten successive dalai lama's and their courts currently there are the offices of the pension government governmental assembly halls and other official offices [Music] the dalai lama's were a huge part of tibetan history there are the spiritual leaders of the Tibetan people and are important monks of the Gulu school the dalai lama title was created in the ming dynasty of china in 1578 xiv and current one is Tenzin Gyatso from 1912 to 1951 the 13th Dalai Lama Dubin Giotto after all Chinese troops were expelled from Lhasa reaffirmed Tibet's independence saying we were a small religious and independent nation [Music] in 1914 Britain Tibet and China met to negotiate India and its northern borders the treaty gave full control of qinghai province north of Tibet to China and recognized the autonomy of the rest of Tibet but China refused to sign because of South Tibet being seeded to British India the Tibetans and the British agreed to the treaty but the Chinese never did then in 1950 the People's Liberation Army of China came to invade Tibet in October 40,000 Chinese troops invaded fifteen-year-old Tenzin Gyatso was given full powers to rule as the 14th Dalai Lama [Music] in 1951 the seventeen point agreement affirmed Chinese rule over Tibet but was signed under protest by the representatives of the Dalai Lama [Music] lawsuit became filled with refugees from Eastern Tibet and the resistance movement grew the Chinese responded with widespread brutality and the Dalai Lama fled over the mountains to India [Music] a high-level Tibetan delegation arrived in Beijing to talk with China in 1982 in 1988 the Dalai Lama created the Strasburg proposal asking for autonomy over domestic affairs but no progress was made in 1987 to 1989 protests across Tibet led to deaths and political prisoners and thousands took to the streets the authorities responded with brutal force expelled all foreigners and declared martial law Dalai Lama got the Nobel Peace Prize [Music] the world's youngest political prisoner was taken in 1995 when six-year-old ganden choking NEMA recognized as the 11th pension llama was taken by Chinese authorities him and his families Vera boats are still unknown from displaying their banned flag to joining mass protests Tibetans assert their desire for freedom [Music] a yak is a unique species that plays a significant role in Tibetan people's daily lives they make sure they utilize every part of the yak they rely on the yak milk for cheese as well as butter for the butter Tian offerings to butter lamps and monasteries the outer hair if the yak is woven into rope and tent fabric and the soft inner wool is spun into a type of felt yak hide is used for the soles of boots yak dung is required as a fundamental fuel left to dry and little cakes of the laws of most invention houses in fact so important are yaks to dimensions that the animals are individually named just like children [Music] [Music] [Music]