CALL Basic Verbs Learn English Grammar

hi everybody welcome back to know your verbs my name is Alicia and in this lesson we're going to talk about the verb call let's get started let's look at the basic definition for this verb the basic definition of the verb call is to use a phone or other device to communicate with someone like an iPhone or maybe video call with your computer example sentences call me maybe I tried calling but nobody answered now let's look at the conjugations for this verb present call calls past called past participle called progressive calling so now let's talk about some additional meanings for this verb so the first additional meaning is to give someone a name or to address someone with that name examples please call me Alfred let's go to that new restaurant called TGI Thursday's so we use call to refer to people's names or to names of like restaurants locations whatever you can say a place called a person called or he's called she's called to refer to the name or to refer to like a nickname as well let's go on to the second additional meaning for this which is to think of someone or something as something else so this is sort of a vague hard to understand definition let's look at some examples she let you stay at her house that's what I call a friend he's smart but I wouldn't call him a genius so here we're thinking of someone as something else in the first example that's what I call a friend so when the person speaking uses the verb call they mean that's what I consider a friend so I consider a person like that to be a friend but we use call to make that a shorter expression in the second example sentence I wouldn't call him a genius we're seeing I would not say that he is a genius I would not consider him to be a genius so that doesn't seem appropriate to me so we shorten this by saying I wouldn't call him a genius I wouldn't call him a genius the third additional meaning for the verb call is to use a loud voice like to get someone's attention the attention of a person the attention of an animal maybe a crowd you're calling something you're calling out for something you might hear call out or call for or call to perhaps even examples call the dog over here she called her son's name as she searched the crowd so in both of these we're using a big voice to get someone's attention so call the dog over here means like use your voice like call the dog's name for example or do something to get the dog's attention and make the dog come over here in the second example sentence a woman is maybe searching for her son and she's calling his name as she searches through a crowd so using a loud voice in the hopes of getting someone's attention let's go on to the next additional meaning which is to request an event or an action so this is when we want something to happen and it usually sounds a little bit formal examples the CEO called a board meeting we call for new Parks regulations in our neighborhood okay so this means we want something we're demanding something we're requesting something the CEO called a board meeting means the CEO demanded or strongly requested a board meeting so it's like the CEO made this request and everybody came to the meeting so in the second example sentence we call for new parks regulations in our neighborhood there we see the demand is for a regulation the people we want something in the neighborhood they're requesting new regulations so they use the expression we call for something so you can use both of these like to call an event like to call a meeting to call a board meeting to call a conference or you can call for something to happen or some kind of change to happen call for bla bla bla let's move on to some variations for this firm the first one is actually sort of two expressions in one it's call it a day and call it a night this is an expression we use when we are ready to finish working or finish like enjoying ourselves finish playing as well we typically use these as adults children don't really use these expressions we use call it a day at the end of a working day we use call it a night when we're ready to be finished like spending time with friends or ready to come home after being out late at night for example examples it's 8:00 I think I'm gonna call it a day it's been fun but I'm gonna call it a night so on both of these you can see I'm gonna call it a night means I'm gonna say that I'm ready to be done for the day is essentially what this means so I'm finished to say this very very quickly I'm finished for today I'm gonna call it a day means I'm calling today finished or I'm calling tonight finished I'm considering it finished so you'll hear it call it a day for work and call it a night for fun activities okay let's go on to the second variation the second variation is to call someone or something off this expression means to cancel something like an event or to stop someone's behavior this can be for well a person or as opposed for an animal as well examples call your dog off oh no it's gonna rain we have to call off the BB Q so in both of these situations there's something that must be cancelled so in the first example call your dog off it means your dog is maybe too aggressive someone's dog is too aggressive it's barking it's making noise it's attacking someone maybe so call your dog off means stop your dog's behavior in the second example sentence we're gonna have to call off the barbeque means we're going to have to cancel the barbecue because of rain in this case so to call off an event or to call off a person to call off an animal it means to stop or to cancel that thing so those are a few new ways I hope that you can use the verb call I hope that that was helpful for you of course if you know some other ways to use the verb call there are quite a few please feel free to give it a try or let us know in the comments of this video of course don't forget to give us a thumbs up come subscribe to the English class 101 channel and check us out at English class for some other good English study tools thanks very much for watching this episode of know your verbs and we'll see you again soon bye bye let's go on to yeah I see you you are orange okay I was so deep I'm gonna call you seagull face from now on I'm on the seagull thing yeah I'm gonna call you donut but what I'm gonna call you Facebook friend Kyle weird no this is very this is just getting worse isn't it