Graded Readers For Vocab Growth

welcome to the effortless English show with the world's number one English teacher AJ Hoge where AJ's more than 40 million students worldwide finally learn English once and for all without the boring textbooks classrooms and grammar drills here's AJ with a quick piece to help you learn to speak fluent English effortlessly I'm AJ Hoge the author of effortless English learn to speak English like a native and creator of the business English conversations course that teaches you business English also a course that will help you with your career to find your vocation to get better jobs teaches you a great system for job searching for writing resumes for job interviews in English all of that business English conversations at effortless English club comm go to effortless English club comm get that business course and join my VIP program commit don't quit today we're talking about vocabulary and reading you know we've been doing the reading and listening challenge and I personally have been focusing a lot on listening I've mostly done listening but I don't want to neglect reading and in fact now that I'm starting to do some Spanish again I I've realized that actually with Spanish I'm going to be doing at least half and a half I will do much more reading in Spanish I plan to I realize that at my current level reading is going to help me a lot in Spanish in Japanese less but in Spanish much more so we don't want to neglect the power of reading so today we're gonna talk about reading and some of you are focused more on reading during this challenge which is great and that is a very good choice we're live on YouTube so I'll just say hello to a few people who are usual sang hi Lisa and Ibrahim and Elena and Asma Asma and lots of our regulars and new people too so wonderful wonderful thank you welcome all right let's just jump in now so reading for growing your vocabulary for going from let's say intermediate to advanced level especially vocabulary growth reading is number one there's nothing better than reading okay not vocabulary courses not not flashcards not Anki none of that stuff okay nothing beats reading just reading a lot book so when I say reading them we're talking about reading books nonfiction or fiction doesn't matter okay but reading books so pages and pages and pages of English okay this will grow your vocabulary this will get you to that advanced level better than anything else so reading is super powerful now listening is great and listening especially for speaking is important that's where we get our speaking ability is from listening mostly and certainly to get to that basic level the the level of conversational fluency we need lots and lots of listening and I generally say then for the beginning part of your learning of English or when you start just starting with effortless English to focus mostly on listening for about six months to really go very intensively on listening mostly listening still do some reading but mostly listening listening listening learning with your ears that's exactly what I'm doing with Japanese now you know a little reading I'm learning some kanji the characters but um it's like 90 percent listening for me right now it's not easy but it's very important that's how we learn the sounds of the language for example it's the only way to learn the sounds of the language you're not going to learn good pronunciation you're not going to learn how to understand people by just reading it's not good so listening is number one and most important especially we need a lot of hours of listening yes however eventually you reach a point as you get better as your level gets higher in English you are getting better and better and better and you become basically fluent right you can talk you can speak English you can have conversations you feel like you know we might call that the high intermediate level if you use that be that that European ranking you might call that b2 but anyway you reach that level and then it's you can feel kind of stuck like you're just stuck there and it can feel like how do I get to advanced levels how do I jump up to a higher level yes you should continue to listen of course but really at that point that's when reading especially becomes very powerful because that's when you can really grow your vocabulary because a lot of what you need to go from intermediate to advanced a lot of what you need is vocabulary right like some of you say AJ I understand you but I don't understand somebody else and it's probably just a vocabulary issue that's probably what it is it's just the problem is that they're using words you don't know and I'm using words that you do know mostly so that's one of the big that or they're speaking very fast I mean these are the two possibilities for why you might not understand someone or why you might not understand a movie for example but you do understand me and so it's mostly vocabulary okay you can it's not grammar usually certainly not at this level you know grammar will not stop you from understanding movies for example grammar will not stop you from understanding TV or most conversations you already know all the grammar you need for that so what is it then it's vocabulary and where do you get folk AB you Larry how do you grow that vocabulary and again it's reading reading reading and we can look at the you know though research about this dr. stephen krashen 'he's again has a great book about this called the power of reading by stephen krashen and what that is it's a collection of all these different studies he found that show how powerful reading is and how it's it it will it'll it will help your listening to because you learn more words it will help your speaking because you learn more words but most of all it helps your vocabulary in a huge way there's no better way those of you who want to take TOEFL or TOEIC or some test like that reading books is the best preparation for this it's number one better than some testable instead of taking these test books just read real books read lots of nonfiction read lots of fiction that will help you for those tests better than anything else now the main issue then becomes like what should you read and of course rule number one read things that are interesting to you interesting to you not to me not to someone else to you if you not interested in the news don't read newspapers okay if you don't like mystery don't read mystery books if you don't like romance don't read romance okay there's so many books there's so much out there that there's no need to read something you don't like so read something you enjoy the second challenge which I have right now in Spanish and some of you may have in English the second challenge can be finding the right level because ideally ideally you want to read something that's not too difficult what is too difficult - difficult means you have to use a dictionary constantly just to understand each paragraph each sentence each page so if it's too difficult you're not really reading much because you're just constantly using the dictionary all the time too many new words and that's it's not efficient you won't enjoy it you'll go very slowly and really that's just not the best what is better is to find something where you know maybe on one page there are five new words five new words per page that's not bad because with five new words per page you can probably guess the meaning maybe not perfectly maybe not always but often you will correctly guess the general idea of the word because you know the whole situation you know most of the words or if there are only five new words per page or less you can use the dictionary very quickly especially with an e-book you just touch it if you have an iPad or your phone you can just touch the word and that you see the meaning and then keep reading is very fast and you're not doing it all the time and you can do some combination some words you just guess and keep going other words maybe you really want to know the meaning it seems important for the story and you're not you have no idea what it means so you touch it and you get a meaning so how do the trick though when you're in the intermediate level so b1 b2 for the European system or just you know low to medium intermediate level it's difficult to find books that fit this right cuz a lot of books for native speakers will be too difficult this is the problem I'm having right now with Spanish because most books like I'd love to read Cervantes Don Quixote you know famous but it's too high you know on one page they're definitely more than 5 new words I can't read it yet I mean I could read it but it would be super slow and not very fun so I'm trying to find Luke so what can you do well this is where you can sometimes you can do children's books but even some children's books might be too difficult for you it depends on your level this is where graded readers some of you know about these graded readers are like usually have stories maybe sometimes famous stories but they use more simple language and they have lots of different levels so it's easy to find a lot of books at the correct level for you so I'm just gonna show you if you're watching on video my screen I'll show you what I'm doing it's what I'm gonna do in Spanish and then I'll show you some in in English and yes this is related to yesterday's show a little bit so okay first if you're watching on video you're gonna see right here it is okay so I just bought some graded readers I like to do a books because of the dictionary the quick dictionary but I bought a bunch of them and you can if you can see my screen let me pull one up okay here we go here's one okay so there's a lot of these a lot of people make them now you can find them very easily so this one's cuz learn Spanish with stories and it even has the level b2 which is perfect for me B 1 b2 are perfect for me when a when a cheek a3 stay a sad girl Spanish intermediate upper intermediate so it's perfect and what's great look at the price is one dollar and fifty cents so very cheap very very cheap and it's fantastic I can maybe pull it up I just bought it so I can probably show it to you on my screen the actual book I didn't buy that one but anyway here's another one okay here's creamin in Barcelona crime in Barcelona that I bought that's another one okay so boom it has you know here it is capital o uno and it just it's just easy they even have a audiobook version of it so I can I can download the audio for this and it's it's fairly easy like for me la gente se so pren do con la noticia la marea ria de los empleados carry a mucho ah Felipe so I can understand this fairly well I have to go slowly a little bit and think about it but if this is about perfect for me it's like a little difficult but not super difficult and you know there'll be some words but what do I do I boom see I just click on this word and wear it though which I know it but anyway it means well this is actually I've got I've got right now in Spanish but I could change this to a an English dictionary so right now it's giving me the the meaning in Spanish so connect but let's see if I can find my Spanish to English dictionary and show you this I thought I had one anyway off to play around with this I've got one somewhere it's on my phone maybe it's I don't have it on this computer right now but what you would do if you're in more advanced you could just use an English dictionary English to English but you know like it I could maybe use a Spanish to Spanish dictionary but I probably will use an English one and it would just give me the definition and you see how fast that is right this is on a desktop I'm doing but you just I just double-click it boom and it comes right up I get a meaning if I don't know it I see the meaning I just look at it very fast and then I go back to reading quickly I don't try to memorize it I don't write it down I don't put it in on key I don't do any of that because I find it destroys the enjoyment of the book and enjoying of the reading I just look at it cabeza means head so cabeza so I can kind of understand this Spanish I could maybe use the Spanish dictionary for this right so but let's pretend if I don't understand cabeza now just double click cabeza there it is the meaning got it keep going so buddy else missed click the audio and then I just keep reading right and this it means it's kind of it's a fairly fun way it's right at my perfect level this is great now in eventually what I'll read a lot of these books and then of course then eventually I want to read the real thing right I want to read full books for native speakers right I know that just like you do like you want to read brave new world you want to read Animal Farm some of you can some of you already are doing that and that's perfect because when you can read the native right though the the books for native speakers the books that are written for Americans and British people then you have so much you can read so many choices that are very interesting and your vocabulary will just grow your vocabulary so fast but there is the challenge I know it's this middle challenge in the intermediate levels and I know that many of you for example reading brave new world was too difficult for you and too slow and the book club helped you then you enjoyed it but just reading it by yourself was very tough I understand same for me okay same for me in Spanish right now like I like I said I'd love to read Don Quixote in Spanish but it's too much I can't do it right now without it being super boring and difficult so I'm going to read a lot of these books so I've got the b2 and then when those are become easy then they've gotten other ones that are like it's c1 level and other ones that are at c2 level and I'll just go through a lot of these graded readers try to get the audio - some of them have audios and then when finally when I'm getting like maybe c1 and I'm reading a lot of those graded readers at c1 and there start to feel easy then I'm ready to move into real stuff right then I can start reading full books in Spanish easily I do it sometimes still eyes try to do it but it's not easy it's it takes it's kind of very slow and sometimes I get frustrated doing it but so you can do this and then I'll show you now in English I'm on Amazon but most books so here we have English it's the same thing and these are just by like level 5 I don't know what that means but Pearson English graded readers if you're watching on Pearson so there's a few companies that make these in English and this is level 5 wood uh they're probably on the back it says it tells you what this level 5 mean it probably has you know like how many words or something but anyway level 5 Sherlock Holmes short stories so maybe Rick maybe the real Sherlock Holmes stories are just too tough right it's it's it's too advanced so what do you do well first get some graded readers and read Sherlock Holmes short stories and these are much easier level you're going to get they're the same stories but written easier vocab you're gonna still learn a lot of vocabulary and you'll read a lot of these level five right so let's looking here and you you can do it like a couple levels like if your level five you could get level four or five and six the level six would be a little difficult for you level four would be a little easy level five would be perfect but you could get all those and just get a lot of them and these are like six dollars so there are a little more money but some of them are like one dollar okay they're fairly cheap but you see level five round the world in 80 days that's another famous story lame is er ah I mean lately I don't know how you say this in English it's French but the miserable crime and punishment another famous book but this level six so they made it easy they even have Shakespeare The Merchant of Venice is a famous Shakespeare play now regular Shakespeare I don't recommend it's not modern English but a graded reader they're giving you the same story of this play The Merchant of Venice the same story but they're using normal English modern English meaning not modern and it's at level four so fairly easy English and so you can just do it you can read a lot of these books you can get lots and lots and lots and lots of them level 5 level 6 and then after you read a lot of these your vocabulary will grow in an enjoyable way this is more fun than doing unki cards this is more fun than doing flashcards this is much more fun than studying some vocab book trying to memorize the lists of vocabulary it's more fun than all that stuff and more effective to you actually learn much more vocabulary much faster this way and you do it reading these interesting stories many of them are kind of famous stories so it's perfect then what do you do after you read a lot of graded readers then you're ready then you go and you read the real thing like Larissa here Larissa says now I'm reading Sherlock Holmes so Larissa Petrova so there you go so maybe you read a lot of these graded readers and then you're ready to read the full books the full ones for the natives so you go read the real homes if you liked it you could read the real ones by Conan Doyle you could read a lot of several of those you can read another one you could read anime right and manga anime is the video manga you could read manga comics those are kind of nice they're kind of conversational and they're also a little bit easier so you might do graded readers then do manga and then do full books like novels and you can choose whatever you like and this is a good way when you're stuck in that middle of level like I am with Spanish you're stuck in the middle level in the real stuff is too tough and the stuff for learning is too easy you know like you're but you're sick of lessons and things like that and you need something right in the middle graded readers are really good all right let's go into the questions and comments now let me just jump back okay well this is a question when that's it's a common question how much vocabulary do we need to get to the advanced level you'll see different numbers okay it depends what you mean by advanced but if let's say we're talking about native speakers native speakers how many words do native speakers know educated you know like someone who meaning they graduated high school I guess I don't know it would be something like twenty to thirty thousand is the common number I see twenty to thirty thousand words and that's if you want to be technical specific that's word families meaning so you count like all the versions of a verb is just one word so like you know go went would would be counted as one word because it's the same to go it's the same verb right and has different versions but you would only count that as one word so if you're counting words like that you know I don't know I've never I never counted it myself but according to different researchers something like 20,000 it's a good number twenty to thirty thousand so that's a lot now that's maybe the bad news because that's a lot and that's why you have to read and audio books are also great by the way it's great to read and then listen to the same book but listen to the audio so first read it normally with your eyes and then if you want to you could then listen to the same chapter or the same book with the audio you get both in bunny wipe the good news is for really like normal everyday basic conversations you won't most people only use like three to five thousand words so just a function is not so bad that's kind of that intermediate level right b2 in the European system upper intermediate I would call it so that's nice that's that can get you you know basic fluency you could say five thousand words but then to jump up to that advanced level where you're close to getting close to native speakers where you're talking about quite advanced topics then you that's a big jump you know that's fifteen thousand more words at least how do you make that big jump into that advanced level reading and audiobooks is really it's the best way decoe says two hours enough for listening each day yeah two hours is good two hours is decent I would say that's kind of the minimum and it's you'll make decent progress try to do some reading if you have some time also yeah how what's the crack teacher now this must be I'm thinking that I believe that is Scottish if I remember crack CRA I see it's definitely not American I don't think it's Brit I don't think it's British I don't think it's English crack is that Irish or Scottish I don't remember but anyway it means what's up what I've been up to how's your Japanese do you know meet-up application have you ever used it I know of meetup the website and you can this is another way to meet people to chat that they're there probably a few different sites like this websites and groups where you can you can find local groups in your town so for example I know that even in Osaka I know there's a Spanish meetup right I cuz I at least there used to be that I went on that meetup website and I found that there is it like some little group they meet once a month I think and they just practice speaking Spanish to each other so that's kind of cool even in jibt way over here in Japan that's kind of surprised me so you with English being the most common language that foreign language people are learning there's a decent chance you can find a local group but just like a club you know like they just social group that meets maybe once a month maybe once a week and they just get together and talk in English so you might try that that's a good idea you can make some friends but tema says I used your methods they really work thank you and congratulations to you by the way yeah laughs a lot of stuff was mentioning like why you you might not understand another speaker and you understand me perfectly other issues might be accent or their their speed this is true also some people have actually I think a lot of times it's idioms they're using idioms or slang that's a very common one or they might be speaking very fast what about Jerry Maguire yes we're doing Jerry Maguire this Sunday today's Thursday in Japan right now so Sunday Alexey you're in Ukraine okay I wasn't sure if you're Russia or Ukraine namaz babies are doing very well as the same Japanese they're Dinkie meaning they're healthy and energetic so they're doing very well thank you and Amy also asking any asking about the babies thank you everyone asking about the babies they're doing very well they're Genki babies now I like that word that's one of my favorite Japanese words kinky yeah like here's a very good point but over demonic what I love about reading is your vocabulary increases unconsciously yes this is what makes it fun okay that you are absorbing you know like you're like a sponge and you're absorbing all these new words and phrases and you're not really consciously trying right it's not like like doing flashcards it's like you're uh you know you see the flash card in your what's that mean or testing yourself right and then you get it right or you get it wrong if you get it wrong maybe you feel a little stress like I feel a little stress when I do Anki sometimes just I do it too much I just kind of makes me stressed out I stop enjoying it but with reading you're just reading and when you're reading just focus on the information or the story whatever the book is about and you're the you maybe you find a new word you want to know the word but you're not trying to memorize it like a test like school you just want to know it so you understand the meaning better trying to understand the book so maybe use the dictionary maybe you just guess but often you just don't even realize how much vocab you're getting and of course it's passive vocabulary first so you're building a huge amount of passive vocabulary meaning you know it when you see it or hear it maybe you can't use it yet that's active using it as active passive as you understand it but still really the passive is more important after you get to fluency after you have those 5,000 words that are really common and you can use them well then you can say almost anything you need to with those words but the challenge then is on standing everybody else especially native speakers right and that's where you need this huge amount of passive vocab and the reading is such a pleasant and powerful way to get it reading and adding in some audiobooks is very good so you get the pronunciation and it trains your ears also Aleksey I'll come back to your comment stick on the subject here and then I'll come back to that okay now here's a I'm gonna this is a very simple thing because this is some next question something that teachers make very complicated and there's no reason Shrivastava says how to get better in reading comprehension and I'm not joking this is a serious answer just read more that's all you have to do read more okay read a lot okay just when you read a lot you get better you get faster some people ask me how do I read faster read more okay if you're reading a slow now well read more it will get faster okay like I can say right now Japanese for example super super super super super super super slow even just in using the alphabet not the characters using the con the kana it's called I read that but so slow so slow how do I get faster do it more read it more so then I recognized faster faster faster it's no different in Spanish like I'm faster of course in Spanish but not as good as English how do I get better reading Spanish read more okay in English I'm super fast reading very very fast why because I've read I constantly read I read so many books I've read read read all the time so now I'm very fast I don't use any speed techniques you know I'm not trying to read fast it's just because I read a lot and so now I read in English very fast so it's and it's the same with your comprehension with understanding well comprehension that means you need more vocabulary first of all right if you don't understand the words then your comprehension your understanding is not going to be good so read more read more your vocabulary grows more and more and your comprehension gets better so it's as simple as that this is what I love about reading it's so simple just do it just read a lot that's all you have to do read a lot don't need any techniques don't eat anything else there's no skills involved once you know the you know all of you can basically read the letters and so you're that's all you need to learn for children they need those basic phonics the basics in the beginning and then after that just read read read that's all you got to do it's very simple and so powerful it's great ya know Mikkel good point without a doubt your words are true there's a little issue I'd like to know a few months ago if I read read books and listen to them at the same time I might have avoided pronunciation mistakes yes true that's why I recommend not all you don't always have to do it but but when you can it's good to get the audiobook also it's good to also listen to it so in general I think it's nice to read it first because you can go slowly and learn some of the words know the story then go and then go back when you have maybe when you're driving or walking around when you can't read I mean how you're kind of doing something else listen to the audiobook and then you and you'll hear the correct pronunciation this is especially true in the language like English where the spelling is confusing right where you see a word and maybe it's not obvious how to say it right some languages like Spanish and Japanese both in fact the the spelling and the at least in the kana for Japanese and the in Spanish like you know they say spell and they pronounce almost always the same which is great but in English you know that's not true so it's very good to listen to audiobooks and it helps your listening to so it's just it's overall good yeah now here seeing this is another example of how different speakers might feel easier to you or more difficult so Abraham Lee's talking about to business speakers Keith Cunningham much easier than Tom Peters now I know both of these guys and that's exactly right their business speakers and they're both very good business speakers they're native speakers these guys do not teach English they're not trying to speak more difficult or easier nothing like that it's just naturally Keith Cunningham I believe is I think he's from Texas but he speaks more a little more slowly naturally he doesn't the Tom Peters is from I don't know originally I think he lives up in the Northeast they're famous for speaking fast Tom Peter speaks fast he's a business speaker Tom Peters uses a lot of slang and idioms and things like that he's a very emotional speaker Tom Peters is about business so he's speaking fast he's using idioms and slang he's very emotional for all of these reasons he is more difficult to understand probably for you then Keith Cunningham Keith Cunningham does not use as much slang idioms he naturally speaks more slowly i believe he's from texas i might be wrong about that but i think he is he is just a just a you know just a kind of more moderate he's much less emotional when he speaks so for all these reasons he would probably be easier for you to understand they're both native speakers in the same topic business so this this is just natural it's going to happen you know some same with motivational speakers you know someone like Tony Robbins many people say oh he's hard to understand why he speaks very fast very quickly that's probably the main reason he's a fast speaker and he also is an emotional speaker when people are emotional they will often use more slang they will often speak faster they may use kind of different kind of words more poetic language all these things can make the speech on more difficult to understand so don't feel bad about it it's just it's totally normal what's the name of the Spanish book website Oh though both the Spanish in the English that was Amazon I was showing you for both of those Amazon has some Spanish books - yeah now see Nasir is giving sort of like what is possible without reading I speak English fluently with almost zero reading skills I got that by a lot of listening and the movie technique fantastic good for you Nasir that's great and as I said you know listening is the core that's how you really do reach that fluency it's just when you want to get to that if you really want to expand your vocabulary a lot especially in the you know less common topics and more complex topics that's where the reading really can come in and become powerful yeah and I see you cuz you're gonna find these books in many languages Larissa says there are adapted books for different levels in Russia I started with them and I also along with such books disor soul I listened and then I understand and then I just read also it's a perfectly good method you can find these there's huge number of them in English and most languages you can find these Oh Hammadi is asking about my book I'm gonna buy your book and Amazon is the book attached with the audio you have to buy the all by the audio separately well the audiobook is free but you have to download it separately just get the book in the back of the book there's a website go there it's now free I think the in the book it might say there's a price but it's free no it's just effortless English calm you can get my audio book for free yeah now Alberta money with an interesting point it's very true understanding differs when we are in a bad mood right when we are sad or depressed we just feel like we don't get as much compared to when we are happy and pleased or when you're stressed or tired absolutely this is true 100% your emotions also affect your understanding and your ability to speak a lot now in Japanese I noticed this a huge amount because most of the things I listen to in Japanese I have to focus I have to concentrate and when so for example I'm listening to many stories and you know if I focus on them if I really focus and listen and I'm repeating them a lot okay so I know them fairly well so if I really focus I'm concentrating I understand you know maybe depends 70 to 80 percent I understand but I also noticed that sometimes I get tired and or distracted or something and it's like my understanding can go from 80 to almost zero in like five seconds it's it's it's and it's like this it's concentration it's emotion its tiredness like maybe I'm listening you know for an hour and then my brain just starts getting tired and then a new mini story starts in the audio and all kind of uh my Energy's down a little bit low and I'm hearing the words and for maybe like one minute I'm just hearing all these Japanese words and I don't like the I haven't no idea what it means like I'm understanding zero it's just it's just sounds and I know I'm like I I know I should understand this I I know I know these words I know this story I've listened to it before but I'm not even sure which story it is because my brain is tired and yet I'm getting nothing and then all and what happens usually it's all you know try to focus and all one word will pop out and I'll understand it and it'll sort of like bring my focus I'll get my attention my energy comes back and then I that one word and then I start understanding the story again it's really strange alright I'll go from zero and then I'll jump back up to 74 eighty this this isn't this edge it shows you that how concentration and emotion and stress can have a very big effect on your ability to understand and especially this really affects your speaking because we all know that even for native speakers that your ability to speak with too much stress your ability to speak can become almost zero that's for your own language and you know with the most famous examples for this are like public speaking and job interviews public speaking like standing in front of a big group talking you know and maybe the audience you're not sure if they're friendly that's high high stress and suddenly you find it difficult to speak your own language just to say that you're talking about a topic you know very well so that's not a problem but somehow it's hard to get the words out it's hard you can't even remember what you want to say right like your whole like nothing's working and this can happen in job interview sometimes you know if you're stressed out in a job interview they ask you some simple questions you know like you know why do you want to work here that's a pretty easy question really but you're just oh you're so nervous that your your brain just kind of like stops and you yeah you're kind of struggling this big your well I I would like to you know and that's that's your own language that the stress can destroy your ability to speak your own language so imagine what happens in English or in a foreign language and you're nervous about it because you know you're going to make mistakes you're worried you know we'll the other person be annoyed with you or the worst situation for you maybe you have to do a job interview in English you have to give a speech in English now the stress is super high so yes it don't feel bad if you find oh my god like I'm forgetting words I can't remember what to say like what happened to my ability to speak at home or with just some relaxed situation I can speak very well and then now suddenly I can't speak or some people get nervous with native speakers some of you if you speak to someone else who's also a student also learning English then you have no problem and your speaking will be better but then you meet like an American or a British person and suddenly up you you oh I can't speak what happened it's because you're nervous it's the it's the emotion it has a very strong effect so it's very important then we have to learn how to that's why we have to practice relaxing when we're doing these things okay Priscilla has a nice request for the show let's see hi Jam from Brazil I love you so much your podcasts and videos thank you for sharing your ideas I'm addicted to them could you please do a show to teach English to young learners I will I'll be doing a lot of shows about this as I want you know as my own babies start learning two languages but I will do this yes I'll talk about that it's a nice topic what's the next book we're going to read well we're reading your money or your life right now the next book I don't know after that here's a nice quote from Alexi study while others are sleeping work while others are loafing loafing means like being lazy prepare while others are playing dream while others are wishing nice and it kind of gives you the idea of people who succeed I just do a little bit extra okay no No Mas says okay there's question No Mas says I have a I have a question I'm listening to Oscars unlimited Spanish but can't understand anything do you think it's helpful to listen to Spanish without understanding can I learn it okay well here's what I recommend Moz read so you're gonna have to read he he gives you the text so what I recommend is like just focus on lesson 1 I can't remember what it is but anyway focus on the first lesson and read the Spanish and then look over at the English and read the English and try to start getting an idea for what it's about and you know you might have to do some flash cards or unki or something to learn some of the vocab for that first story we have to do this in the beginning you know as we become intermediate we can do it less but in the very beginning with the language these kind of things are sometimes necessary so just do that you know try to learn you don't have to learn all of it try to learn at least some of the vocab from the tech for Story number one then at the say then when you have time for listening yeah listen to it listen to it again and again and again and what will happen is okay right now you're just hearing Spanish sounds it's like nothing means nothing to you I understand this happens in Japanese to me all the time but then what can happen is as as you use the text then some of those words your start to finally learn some words from the first story they'll start popping out you'll start noticing them when you listen right like maybe I don't know go man right maybe you learn no matter which means to eat and so first the stories just bubble all you hear Comair it's not even a word it means nothing to you but when you're reading the text and you're using some flashcards or something then you learn Comair and then after you learn it from reading you you're more likely to hear it in the story right so that when you hear Oscars sake oh man you know ah somebody's eating okay and this will help and little by little in this way by repeating that first story many times read the story maybe every day read the text in Spanish and in English and review some of the vocab right try to learn some of the major vocab from that first story maybe you spend two weeks on the first story I had to do this with the Japanese mini stories I'm using you know I had to like the first ten stories I went very slowly almost like a month to do ten stories and I'm just repeating the same ones again and again and again and again and so if you do that then eventually you'll start getting and the good news is once you get the first story then story to story three you'll already have some vocab so there'll be fewer words to learn but yeah it still I think is still good to get used to it just get used to the sounds of Spanish it's not enough you have to also do the reading but it's totally fine if you're just listening and you're not really even you could even try shadowing just the sounds of Spanish without understanding the meaning at all Alexander are gala is the the famous polyglot recommends doing that first just shadowing without understanding anything but this will help your brain start to pick to hear the words you don't know what they mean but you will hear the word for example again like you hear Khmer right and you here come here come here come here you have no idea what it means but you know it's a word you're hearing it now so when you go to the text and you see Khmer and then you see the meaning it means to eat ah like it all kind of clicks in your mind much better so give it a try nam us I'm glad you're using Oscars lessons those are great okay I'm gonna jump to the bottom and go back hmm okay now here's the the follow-up question about the interviews from Andy when I have an interview in English I can understand the person I feel without confidence what can I do well that's hard my business English course kind of focuses on this a lot you can you know again just improve your English of course but to deal with the emotional part of a job interview or public speaking why I've got some youtube videos on the topic it's a big topic but go to my youtube channel AJ Hoge and there's I have a playlist about public speaking and job interviews and things like that so watch that I have a few techniques I teach you that can help you become less nervous during these tough situations this will help you try to make an interview with chris hogan i don't know who that is I'll have to look it up okay this is a technical question K's on door G says fluent speakers and native speakers are the same level fluent means how fast we speak or what you'll see a lot of you know there's not a clear definition for these well native speakers is there's a clear definition native speaker means someone who learned a language from a baby right so you're a native speaker that's what it means native speaker so I'm a native speaker of English because I learned English as my native language it's my the language of my parents it's the language I learned naturally from a baby so that's what native speaker means fluent what does fluent mean well people have many different definitions of fluent the very general meaning of the word fluent fluent it's connected to the word fluid which means like water so it's something that moves like water something that moves easily so the the most basic idea of fluent speaking fluently is the words come out easily right in that way it's kind of like a native speaker right it means that you can communicate without stopping and you know you base it you can understand what the other person says in you know real-time instantly during a conversation so it means you can communicate well quickly and easily effortlessly that's why I call it effortless English but there are different levels of fluency I think we can talk about different levels of fluency because you know like I would say there's kind of conversational like basic or conversational fluency that's the fluency of just like everyday normal topics family work like kind of the stuff that everybody talks about all the time that's where you have that 5,000 words of vocab and you can use those words very quickly and easily you understand them instantly you can talk to normal people about normal stuff quite easily right but see native speakers can do more than that most of them can so you might call it advanced fluency you know after that there's kind of like all you can just keep getting more and more advanced right so then where you talk about maybe deeper more intellectual topics you have to use much bigger vocabulary it's it's more difficult to say exactly what you're trying to say and that is a higher level of fluency to do that easily is requires a lot more vocabulary perhaps a little bit more complicated grammar and a lot more practice right so discussing like just talking about your family and eating and shopping is easier usually for most people then talking about economics and philosophy and politics and religion and spirituality and these kind of more complicated complex topics now and it's a good point the other thing about native is see native like I said it just means that you were born learning that language but obviously different different native speakers have very different levels right you can have a native speaker with the PhD with two PhDs who has a huge vocabulary huge amount of words right and who trains as a public speaker who isn't very very very well spoken you can also have a native speaker who you know didn't finish school hates doesn't like to read who has a very quite small vocabulary doesn't communicate very well at all they're both native speakers right but anyway that's what that's what those two words mean okay Emmanuel asking about wim hof to recommend me doing the wim HOF breathing technique along with meditation and push-ups cuz I noticed I'm more energetic in learning yeah that's good stuff man wim Hof's good you guys couldn't look up wim HOF on YouTube he they call him the Iceman I have his book one of his books and it's pretty cool actually pretty cool stuff he has a breathing technique he does that one's easy anyone can do it you can use the breathing technique with cold water cold showers if you want to yeah I see like Liza's this is this is exactly what you can do Lisa says first I read and listen to the shortened story versions of some Jane Austen books so a famous writer in English Jane Austen what's instant sensibility Pride and Prejudice right they've made movies about these two she says now I will read the whole Marbles see that's what's cool and that's it's a great feeling right so first you read a graded reader the simple versions of these stories so she reads Jane Austen but the simple easy versions maybe's Pride and Prejudice for example and she's reading a lot then now her vocabularies enough now she can go read the real books read Pride and Prejudice read Sense and Sensibility and then she can also rent the movies there several versions of these movies that are also nice and you can kind of get this same story and really enjoy it deeply first at a kind of lower level and then when you get advanced you enjoy the whole thing it's kind of cool yeah Mauryan this is another Mariana's saying reading can improve your vocab and writing skills definitely and the well-read person doesn't have problems about grammar mistakes yes it will help your grammar for sure it will yeah like Sacheen this is a point about the again the emotional mental part yoga helps me concentrate more whether it's listening or other stuff yes things like yoga and meditation and yoga really is meditation they they this will help you it helps you emotionally to keep calm in these situations and helps it's great concentration training as well your training your mind to be more clear more focused more concentrated definitely helps definitely helps yoga meditation okay guys I think it's time for me to go baby bedtime Gulam stop spamming this is a general thing guys I pretty much when people just post the same comment a hundred times I just end up hiding their comments on my site so just you know do it once if you think I missed it you can do it again you know a couple times it's okay I don't mind not but like just writing the same thing a copy and pasting it ten you know five times ten times it's too much it just distracts everybody there are a lot of people on here and I can't answer every question yeah this is kind of a communication question I'm gonna end with this one from Alexi again do you think that eye contact is very important while you're speaking yes I've noticed that successful men don't turn their eyes away they look directly into the interlocutors eyes nice vocab word there yes overall from for general communication eye contacts important now this varies by culture however so this is in American culture it's important for sure it's very different in Japan in Japan they if like the American style of eye contact in Japan is kind of rude it's too much like like Japanese do not look have the same amount of eye contact typically that Americans do so Americans at sixteen is very like strong and confident so you're kind of expected to hold more on not always you can't just do it non-stop because it makes you look crazy okay but um but a fair amount like a large amount maybe let's say eighty percent of the time you're looking at the eyes eyes eyes I think maybe look at their mouth you look away you look back again but you keep coming back to eye contact again and again and in America this is considered confident it communicates confidence which is positive and it's good it's expected if you don't if you only have like 10% eye contact you look not confident but again you have to be careful because a different color it is different in different countries so Japan like that I'm that amount of eye contact I've had to learn this myself it's too much so I actually have to try to make a train myself to look down and look away more so when I'm talking to let's say my wife's family members you know like naturally I want to just you know lock their eyes but it's too much and I notice it makes them uncomfortable right it makes in general I mean they have some eye contact of course but it's just not as much as Americans so it's it's I have to do it a little bit less so you have to adapt it to different country's it's the same with you know distance you know like the the body distance right the the physical distance when you're talking how close do you stand to somebody you know your face to their face yeah I think we all know it's it's it varies by culture now in America it's pretty far right you know within American it's like arm distance I would say put stretch your arm out in front of you and that's the amount of space that you want anything closer less space than that and Americans get very uncomfortable and very irritated and they don't like it and I'm me too okay it's just it's something that's you know you learn what from as a child and so it's just kind of unconscious so we like you know maybe it's because America is a big place okay and we like to have a lot of space between us when we're talking not too close but there are other cultures where that expectation is different and they they get up in your face more they get there's less distance right and this can cause problems it when the two people are different cultures so like if I go to some country and they're trying to get close and I'm like backing up you know trying to get more distance and they're trying to get closer and it's kind of comical sometimes but overall yes if you especially if you're dealing with Americans strong eye contact is generally pretty good let's say 80 percent of the time don't do it a hundred percent but eighty percent would be about right all right guys we'll be back again tomorrow I know I saw Abraham requested an esop lesson again yes it's on my list to do that we're gonna get back into your money or your life do the next chapter and we're going to start on Twitch and Sunday we'll start Jerry Maguire hopefully on Sunday we're babies let me do it okay as always go to join my VIP program and business English conversations course effortless English club dot-com [Music] you