How to Express Amounts in English Basic English Grammar


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oh hi everybody welcome back to our weekly live stream my name is Alisha and today we're going to talk about how to express amounts in this lesson I'm going to review countable and uncountable nouns and I'm going to talk about some expressions you can use to describe how much or how many of something you have or you want or you need so we have a lot of good stuff I think that is good for beginners to review in this lesson but I'm also going to cover some topics that are more intermediate or advanced some small points some small kind of nuances that you can think about for your word choice so I hope there's something for everyone in today's lesson all right I see many people in the YouTube chat hi Lea yeah sick eraser good morning Miguel hello and snowgirl a few people are there I think it's loading Laurie hey on Facebook okay as everybody joins please don't forget to like and share the video so other people can find today's lesson while we wait first this free PDF cheat sheet as always we have free stuff for you from the link below the video if you're watching on Facebook or above the video if you're watching sorry above the video on Facebook below the video on YouTube wow I can't believe I mess that up this is just a quick quick look at some of the free topics that you can find this is all available for you to download you just need an account to English class so check this out that's the back side of one this one I show a lot this is the business English one I'll show you some more later but check these out you can find these all from the link above or below the video that's announcement number one ounce me number two it's about ask Alicia our weekly Q&A series please send me your questions so every weekly release a question and answer video where you have the chance to send me your questions about grammar vocabulary culture whatever and I will maybe choose your question to talk a little bit about on YouTube or Facebook as well so if you want to send a question to me please send them at English class slash asked - Felicia alrighty I see many people in the chats now hello on YouTube Anderson Rawat Nazmul hello fro from Bangladesh school Khan well jitta lo Ribeiro Christopher Oni hello Alexander hello and our Facebook many people Hama Rubens Kishore Ekrem yeah hello severe awesome many people fantastic so as you join say hi like share all that jazz we're going to talk about amounts today amounts so during today's lesson please send me your example sentences send them in the chat and I will try to check them live and but you know just to practice today's topics so I'm going to share the video and then I'm going to begin today I'm going to start by talking about countable and uncountable nouns a little grammar review to begin today and then I'm going to talk about some expressions you can use to describe large and small amounts so alright video shared let us begin let's start over here first countable and uncountable nouns this is a key point for today's lesson so I'm going to slow down the speed at which I am speaking so let's begin with countable nouns what is a countable noun we can break this word down count and able count and able plus noun means a noun that we are able to count a noun that we can count in other words so that means nouns we can count with 1 2 3 etc as in TC means etc and so on and other things so a noun remember a noun is a person place or thing yeah so nouns we can count with one two and three when we make the plural form meaning more than one one is singular more than one is the plural form when we make the plural form of a countable noun we have one basic way in speech we add an S sound so like book becomes books we have that s sound but when we're spelling in writing we have a couple of different endings for countable nouns these change depending on the spelling the ending of the original now so I'm not going to talk about the spelling rule here today but just keep in mind that there are different ways to spell the plural forms of these so we add either S or ES or IES IES if the original noun ends in Y as it does here so basically a countable noun takes an S sound to get the plural form so book becomes books kiss becomes kisses candy becomes candies and so on so we add an S to make a countable noun plural so to describe more than one of accountable now so a couple points then there are irregular irregular countable nouns so irregular means not regular ear is a prefix which means not or no so regular means like normal or typical so not regular irregular these are a few examples of irregular countable nouns which means they do not follow this s rule for example one child two children so child becomes children in the plural form three children four children one person two people in these cases and with a few animals there's no change between the countable or the sorry the singular and the plural form so like sheep becomes Shi like one sheep two sheep mouse becomes mice as well so there are a few things there are few nouns that have like these kind of strange plural forms please keep this in mind for today I'm going to focus mostly on just these regular countable nouns that take NS if you have any questions I will try to check in real time you can ask questions thanks Leah yes okay let's continue then so this is countable nouns for today's lesson everything at the top of the board refers to countable nouns I've split today's whiteboard into two parts so up upper part the top is countable nouns the bottom then on the other hand let's talk about the second part here uncountable nouns so we talked about countable we broke down countable so things we can count nouns we can count here unhhhh uncountable so the prefix on means like not again it's a negative thing so not countable nouns nouns we cannot count with one two three etc so when we want to couch these nouns when we want to talk about units we use counter words so for example these are some very common uncountable nouns so money time water air so we don't say like one money too many three money we use what's called a counter word so for example with money in like US dollars a dollar is countable cents is countable one dollar two dollars we use smaller units inside that category inside that now to talk about the smaller pieces of that same thing with like time so we don't say one time two time or something like that well in separate situations we talk about time in units like minutes hours days years those things are countable time as a concept is not so this is a key difference uncountable nouns and countable nouns for today o ki dokie that is the introduction for today's lesson I don't see any questions from you so I'm going to take one short break and then we're going to get into the main part of today's lesson the the main focus so one quick break and then we'll continue on so I showed you a couple of these things earlier in today's lesson I showed you the yeah I showed you a couple of these earlier these are the free PDFs vocabulary and phrases pression z' and so on you can find these from below the video if you are watching on youtube or above the video if you are watching on facebook there are different topics that you can download this one for pets this one is about like dog and cat breeds so you can talk about your pet this one is the travel one some expressions if you're going to be traveling sometime soon this says USA but you can use these in any english-speaking country really so check this one out others food and restaurants a very popular topic with you usually so you can check these out you can download these for free from the link below the video if you're watching on youtube above the video if you're watching on facebook if you're watching on instagram please check YouTube Facebook okey dokey okay some questions I don't see questions bori on facebook says is salad and uncountable now know we can count salads one salad - salad three salads yeah that's fine okay let's continue to part two today's lesson we're going to talk in part two about small amount small amounts here so if you're just joining today's topic is expressing amounts and we're going to cover phrases expressions you can use now to talk about small amounts and large amounts some review some new things in here I hope so as you join please don't forget to like and share the video if you haven't already alright onward small amounts let us discuss small amounts so when you want to talk about not a lot of something I'm going to cover a couple of expressions for countable nouns and uncountable nouns please note this is not everything that we use this is just an introduction I think to some very common expressions first let's talk about countable nouns expressions you can use with countable nouns first a few a few and few so I want to talk about these first let's look at some example sentences a few and few are very similar but there's a key difference in terms of nuance there's a feeling a small feeling difference here so a few for example the company bought a few laptops the company bought a few laptops so a few refers to a small amount you may know like a couple a couple or a couple up I'm gonna talk about here which is usually like to imagine like people like a couple refers to two people a few in my mind is like three four so more than a couple but for here the company bought a few laptops this has like a neutral feel it's like a report yeah the company bought a few laptops this sentence however uses few the company bought few laptops the company bought few laptops so the difference here is just the article yeah so a few versus few the difference here is that this sentence with no article has the feeling of a negative result it has the feeling that like someone is disappointed or unhappy or this is not a good thing like the company bought few laptops we needed a lot so it's kind of like using no article he gives that like unhappy feeling if you want to just make a simple report use a few of you hmm so please make sure to consider this when you are choosing between a few and few with your countable nouns the same thing is true with an uncountable noun expression I will talk about later okay uh let's continue to the next one so I just described a couple so when you use a couple think of a couple as like two of something so a couple of you may hear as well some people drop off like I need a couple chairs or I need a couple of chairs you can use both of those things actually it's kind of up to you so a couple of something usually refers to like two of something second a second a third a handful of a handful of so a handful hand full so this maybe you can guess the meaning of this word if we break this down hand and full yeah so hand literally actually meaning a hand full the spelling is different but it means like something to fill up your hand so a handful of something you can imagine how much you can pick up a handful means like not a like a large amount of something but not quite just a couple or a few a handful so maybe like five or six of something so a handful of again some people drop this of in speech like I picked up a handful of cookies in the kitchen so you can choose to include this or not I would I would include a handful I would use of in that sentence like I need a handful of something so this is a countable noun related expressions I'm gonna continue to this part in just a second first I want to go to uncountable um many of you are asking about like a lot and stuff I'm going to talk about large amounts in just a minute that's part three for today other questions I don't see yet okay so let's talk now about uncountable expressions as I discussed or as I mentioned with a few and few for countable nouns we have this same feeling with a little and little for uncountable nouns I just say count okay we need to consider the same like negative feeling with a little and little here so again an example sentence we have a little time we have a little time this part right here again I'm using the article a little time we have a little time in this second one though we have little time there's no article so again this sentence we have little time sounds more negative it's like it's a bad thing we have little time like but we need more this sentence we have a little time sounds like a neutral report so please keep this in mind this is not true in every situation but in many cases this is the feeling you communicate by including or omitting the UH all right um other examples what about a little bit yes yes you can use a little bit I have a tiny bit of which is yeah another option you can use I chose tiny because I thought you might not know tiny means very very very very small tiny so and a bit is like another word for piece a tiny bit of you can absolutely use a little bit of as well so a little bit of time I have a little bit of money and so on yes you can use those absolutely I don't see other questions so onward I've included here then to a small counter word of a small counter so counter word if you remember at the beginning of this lesson I explained that we use counter words like dollars or minutes or hours to talk about units inside uncountable nouns so you can use sometimes a counter word to talk about part of and uncountable nouns so for example like a small piece of something or a small bit of something so you can use some counter words to describe a small like units inside and uncountable now okay so this is the first part here I want to go kind of to part two point five then and then we'll take one more break I want to talk about this red box here some and any I have some and any in this space because we use some and any with both countable and uncountable nouns that means we can use them with both doesn't matter whether than that which type of noun it is so let's talk about some first some we use in positive statements slow so like I have some markers for example or I have some time we can use it with countable and uncountable nouns we also use some in requests and in offers so a request for example is like will you please give me some of something like will you please give me some money so we can use it to make a request and we can also use it to make an offer so like would you like some something like would you like some cake for example that's an offer we use some in these cases so positive statements requests and offers any on the other hand is used in negative statements meaning I don't have any of something or we don't need any of something again we can use this with countable or uncountable nouns we also use any in information question so that means that this isn't we're not making a request and we're not making an offer with any we're asking for information for example do we need any something or do you want any something so this is these are the key differences between some and any but we can use them for both countable and uncountable nouns all righty okay I don't see any questions but if you want to know more about these I have a video on the English class 101 youtube channel the talks about these topics actually all of this is covered on the channel so we'll take one more break and then we'll go to the last part of today's lesson I will show you a few more things I have not shown you yet so in case you missed it last time I showed you a few of these these are all free PDFs that you can get from below the link if you are watching on YouTube or above the link if you are watching on Facebook if you're watching on Instagram please check YouTube or Facebook these are free PDFs you can download printout keep on your phone to practice vocabulary and expressions so I'll put them here so this is another one I don't think I showed this earlier about cooking there are some expressions you can use in your kitchen on the back this one is a really good one maybe for everybody who participates in our online chats this is the talking online one and a conversation guide on the back to some useful vocabulary where it's here for those of you who are interested in music yes this says singing I know but on the back it's actually expressions to talk about music it's hard to see here I know but you can check these and choose which ones you want to download you can find the link above or below the video depending on where you are watching o ki dokie s Laniakea says couple of for both and more do you mean for both countable and uncountable nouns we use a couple of for countable nouns we don't use it for uncountable nouns so I can't say like a couple of money I can't say that I hope that's your question okay Edgard has a good example sentence Alicia is showing us some PDFs yes some some is correct there so some also some is kind of vague like some there's not a specific amount with some it's just kind of a vaguely small amount not a lot not a little it's just some hmm where is the paper download link on Facebook if you're watching on Facebook look at the link above this video on the main feed or if you have the video big it should be above the chat above the chat so please have a look all righty let's go to the last part the last part of today's video is about large amounts large amounts so we talked about small amounts let's cover large amounts then and again countable on top uncountable at the bottom this big box however I've put here to mean you can use these for both countable and uncountable nouns so if you get stuck if you don't know which one to use you can choose one of these alright let's talk about countable nouns first a large number of something a large number of countable nouns like she has a large number of pets maybe I don't know I don't know what a large number of pets would be like more than six anyway a large number of countable nouns so don't forget your s sound at the end of this word many students forget that another one you can use is several several so this one like it sounds like seven I know the beginning of this seven it doesn't mean seven exactly but it means more than a couple or a few more than some it's it's kind of again another word like to me it sounds like more than some but if it's helpful to you you can think of it as like seven or eight of something so if it's it doesn't mean exactly seven but it might be helpful for you to remember it is like seven ish or more of something uh next is a huge number of a huge number of so this is more than a large number of huge means very very very very very very big so huge huge so a huge number of huge is larger than large you're just larger than big so all of these it's like a scale so it's like large may be big large and big or about the same huge and then like gigantic these are on the same level kind of so you can choose the adjective you want to use here to just like more specifically describe the number of some things but this is a key point number four for countable nouns we'll talk about a mount for uncountable nouns down here so let's take a look now at these in the box that we can use to talk about both countable and uncountable nouns these are great if you get stuck we can use a lot of and lots of for both countable and uncountable nouns I know many of you do this we can also use a ton of a ton of so again a ton refers to a very very large number of something a very large amount of something so I could say like oh my gosh a ton of people are watching on Facebook oh my gosh just like two does so a ton means a lot of something we could say a bunch of or bunches of a bunch if it's helpful again another image you can think of a bunch is a word that we use when we talk about like flowers sometimes so if you imagine you gather up like a group one group of bouquet of flowers we could call that a bunch of flowers you can kind of use that as an image then - I have a bunch of something so it's not like you're overflowing with like the thing you're talking about but you have a good number so a bunch of or bunches of bunches of you might hear that - so bunches becomes plural here and the last one that you can use for both is plenty of plenty okay let's go to this last point here then so uncountable noun related expressions if your noun is uncountable like time you can say a huge amount of sorry a large amount of as I talked about here or a huge amount of again you can use as I said some other adjectives in these places - in these positions in the sentence I mean so this again as I said when you're talking about uncountable nouns use amount so I can't say like a large number of time that's incorrect number is used within with countable nouns number is used with countable nouns amount is used with uncountable nouns so I also I cannot say a large amount of markers for example so please use number with countable nouns plenty of time yes uh Marlene says what about the expression an awful lot yeah yeah yeah you can use an awful lot with both I'll put that here so an awful lot so it's like saying a lot again but we use an awful lot an awful lot when maybe like there's some kind of surprise about the number or about the amount mm so yeah we have an awful lot of extra time it's like maybe something bad happened or maybe something negative happened we're kind of surprised at this situation could I pronounce plenty again please so I said plenty very clearly in everyday speech we say plenty plenty it sounds like PL e + NY plenty so I have plenty of time hmm other examples I'm looking for your examples I don't see any more on YouTube on Facebook everybody's saying hello someone writes lots of love yes that is a very common expression lots of love like to end a message to someone with the expression lots of love can I say like I have tons of problems yes you absolutely you can problem is a countable noun so you can use all of these to describe that I have tons of problems I have so many problems right now so I've just used a very casual one so many I have so many problems right now not a good thing but on the other hand you would use much much with an uncountable noun like I have so much time right now so that's another point when you're talking about countable and uncountable nouns make sure many is used with countable nouns much is used with uncountable nouns okay other example sentences someone says there are plenty of flowers in the garden yes indeed Hugo says can I say I have tons of friends yes you can congratulations you go with your tons of friends okay someone Aladdin on YouTube says I I got tons of questions to ask so not gotta gotta means got to or have to I've got is okay or I have tons of questions to ask is also okay Elton says I need so not it's me but or you could say you need or I need a lot of time to learn a foreign language is it possible to use the word to says Omar can you give me an example it's kind of an open question what do you mean please share an example uh gyro says what about saying several problems I have several problems grammatically correct yes dramatically correct but I would say in that case like you're probably in a specific situation like in a meeting like mmm you're reviewing a proposal or something like looking at something a document you're like hmm I have several problems with this so that means I have a group of problems with this so yes grammatically correct totally fine um what about the expression whole lot like I have a whole lot of things to do today yeah whole lot that's from mateus on YouTube a whole lot of things a whole lot of things to do today yeah we can use that I feel like we use that with countable nouns more like in your example a whole lot of things to do today we can use it with like uncountable nouns as well I have a whole lot of time as well that's fine a whole lot okay oh I guess I have to stop look at me gonna try not being late today okay someone says I have so much problems is it correct no I have so many problems so if you're not sure ask yourself is my noun problem countable or uncountable if it's countable many I have so many problems if it's uncountable much I don't have much time or I have so much money okay uh ah now all these questions are coming hmm I didn't get the difference between a lot a lot in a bunch these are all the same thank you very much for the super chat these are all we can use these all the same that's the point here tons of sounds like more than a lot of and a bunch of is kind of like a group of some so you can watch this video back as well so I hope that that helps you there are so many questions coming now why are all the questions coming now why didn't you send these questions to me earlier next week send me your questions earlier I have to finish so I'll end today's lesson there thank you as always for joining us this week next week I'm going to talk about emotions describing emotions describing feelings so it's going to be a lot of like adjectives emotion related adjectives to talk about what's your feeling so please join us again next week that will be February 13th Wednesday 9 p.m. Eastern Standard Time that is New York City time please check your local time on Google or set a notification on YouTube or Facebook so that you can get notified when we begin so I'll end there don't forget to get your free stuff from the link below or above the video and thank you very much for liking and sharing the video we really really appreciate it so I hope that that was helpful you can watch this video again and to check the English class 101 YouTube channel for more videos about all of these topics I will finish there so thank you very much enjoy your week have a nice weekend and I will see you again next time okay