Irish Language Pronunciation Guide The Fadas Learn Irish

Dia dhuit agus fáilte ar ais, hello and welcome back Some of you have asked me in the comments section to make a video on a pronunciation guide, so that's what I'm going to do today and next week as well today we're going to look at the fada's that's a little line or a little stroke over the vowels in Irish the vowels being a, e, i, o, and u I'm going to show you how to pronounce the fada's, give you some new words and some sample sentences as well, so let's get started with the letter A on its own this would be pronounced like ah so it would be a short sharp ah but when you put the á there you will see that it becomes "awe" a good example is to show you this word here which is spelt a i t this is pronounced ait which means strange or unusual in Irish, ait but if you put a fada over the a it becomes áit áit, which means a place so without the fada, it's ait and with the fada it's áit another good word to show you the difference between a fada and a lack of a fada is the Irish word for bread which is arán so the start of that word is ah then at the end you will hear the stress and focus on the fada, arán and arán bán is white bread, arán bán, the á is being stressed and you hear that more so in the word with the á, so arán arán bán Our next vowel then is e On its own it's an eh sound again short and quick, eh but when you put a fada over it becomes é So for example eolas would be information so there's no great emphasis on the first part of that word - eolas easpag is bishop, easpag again, not a great stress on the first part, but if you think of this word here which is the Irish word for bird and that is éan You can see the difference that a fada makes and also the Irish word for uniform is éide and again you can see how the é pretty much dominates the word éide mar shampla Bhí siad faoi lánéide = They were in full uniform our next vowel then is i, on its own this is an i sound but when you put a fada over the i it makes an e sound í for example the irish word for whole or complete is iomlán so that has a short i sound at the start with more emphasis on the á at the end as in iomlán, just like we discussed at the start of the video when we talked about á but if you think of the irish word to pay which is íoc you'll see the í kicking in there with the e sound íoc díoc sí = she paid an example of a sentence where you'll see the i with the fada and without it is here - ith do chuid glasraí = eat your vegetables a ith being the Irish word to eat and glasraí being the Irish word for vegetables, so you can see the difference there between the i without the fada in ith and glasraí which has the í Our next vowel then is the letter o on its own this is just an uh sound but when you add the fada on top it becomes a longer O sound, so there's more stress and emphasis, and you usually say that a little bit longer - Oh ó for example the Irish word for ambulance is otharcharr so the o at the start there was quick and relatively sharp - otharcharr but if you think it's the Irish word then for olive oil ola olóige, you see more emphasis on the ó towards the end ola being oil and olóige being olive, so the ó kind of takes over a little bit there ola olóige next we have the Irish vowel u, on its own this is an uh sound, uh but when you put a fada over the u, it becomes an Ooo sound ooo is the dominant sound there (ooo), for example the Irish word for an author is údar and the Irish word for apple is úll so the ú - you can hear it there, úll the word or verb to prepare is ullmhú so you can see the difference there and at the start where there's no fada and then at the end where there is a fada, ullmhú is to prepare. If you've any more questions about the Irish language or you would like me to do a particular type of video or set of videos, please let me know in the comments section below thank you very much for watching, and I'll see you soon. Go raibh maith agat agus slán go fóill.