Life in the 13 Colonies Explained


Mr. Beat


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sorry meat what is colonial my name is mr. beat by the 1700s life in the British North American colonies was a lot easier than it was for its earliest settlers here is the story of how it was like living in one of the 13 original American colonies once upon a time there were 13 British colonies along the east coast of North America in 1607 Virginia was established as the first one in 1620 the second one Plymouth Colony was established in 1626 New York 1630 Massachusetts Bay 1633 Maryland port Maryland 1636 there were two new colonies to begin Rhode Island and Connecticut the next year the colony of New Haven in 1638 two more New Hampshire and Delaware 1653 North Carolina 1663 South Carolina the next year New Jersey 1682 Pennsylvania and the last one Georgia in 1732 whoa mr. beat that's 15 not 13 don't you know how to count well in 1691 plymouth colony merged with the Massachusetts Bay Colony eventually called just Massachusetts and in 1660 for New Haven merged with Connecticut today we classify these colonies into three groups number one the New England colonies number two the middle colonies and number three the southern colonies and now please allow me to speak in generalities the New England colonies made up of New Hampshire Massachusetts Rhode Island and Connecticut the New England colonies were generally more religious and though its settlers came to America to practice their religion freely they ironically did not tolerate any other religion other than their own Massachusetts was made up of Puritans but some Puritans didn't think the Puritans in Massachusetts were devout enough so they left and started the colonies of Connecticut and New Haven meanwhile Puritans like Ann Hutchinson and Roger William we thought the Puritans in Massachusetts were too restrictive left well they were kicked out to form the colony of Rhode Island Rhode Island actually had the freedom of religion and a radical idea of separating church and state in New England towns along the coast the colonists made their living fishing whaling and shipbuilding because farming was difficult New England began to develop manufacturing with industries like shipbuilding to make money being farthest north the New England colonies were the coldest but because of this there was less disease than in the warmer colonies further south next we have the middle colonies made up of New York New Jersey Pennsylvania and Delaware these were the most diverse by far of the colonies different ethnic groups like the English Swedes Dutch Germans Scots Irish and French lived closer together here than they ever did in Europe there were also many different religions mostly Christian denominations such as Quakers Mennonites Lutheran's Dutch Calvinists and Presbyterians with many religions came religious freedom especially in Pennsylvania the Quaker colony established by William Penn that had a constitution that protected many freedoms and would later influence the United States Constitution economically the middle colonies served as an important shipping off point for valuable stuff to send back to Europe cities here like New York in Philadelphia grew quickly being in the middle I know such an original name right put these colonies in the middle of everything really ideas society culture the economy you name it they also had much more fertile soil in the north farming was big they produced lots of wheat and corn and raised lots of livestock other industries here included the production of iron ore lumber textiles furs and shipbuilding finally there's the southern colonies made up of Maryland Maryland Virginia North Carolina South Carolina and Georgia the southern colonies which also had very fertile soil were all about the cash crops mostly tobacco but also rice cotton and indigo here large plantations sprung up that required a large labor force to fill this labor force plantations often brought in both slaves and indentured servants to take care of the work slavery became an important part of the economy in the south being further south the winners were more mild but the hot and humid summers caused more diseases like malaria and yellow fever to spread easily life expectancy was lowest in the southern colonies there was also more religious tolerance in the southern colonies even in Maryland which originally was established for Roman Catholics Georgia was the southernmost colony in the last of the colonies established like I said earlier James Oglethorpe had the idea to relocate thousands of prisoners from England who were there because they couldn't pay back their debts they were moved to Georgia to start a new life and King George ii went along with it because the colony would be a buffer between Spanish Florida and the rich plantations of South Carolina plus it was named after him overall the 13 colonies were extremely diverse almost like 13 little countries however they all had a lot in common they had similar political constitutional and legal systems and most of them were wasps no not those wasps wasp W ASP it stands for white anglo-saxon Protestants most colonial families were self-reliant also this might surprise you all of the colonies have legal slavery also all the colonies had a lot of self-government and most white men could vote as long as they had property all the colonies were prosperous and they grew quickly in 1625 the population of the colonies not including Native Americans was around 2000 by 1775 that number had swollen to two-and-a-half million and this group in 1775 didn't have nearly as much in common with or as much loyalty to their European ancestors yet these American colonies had developed a brand-new very distinct society and soon they would be leaving their European ancestors behind the end