Native Americans and American Colonists Story Time with Mr Beat


Mr. Beat


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how it be I'm mister beat throughout the 1600s and 1700s the American colonists and the eastern native-american tribes sometimes go along sometimes did not although Native Americans you know what I'm just going to say Indians just a lot easier to say although the Indians initially benefited from access to better trade and technology the craving for land by the Europeans and the disease they brought both posed a serious threat to the Indians deep-rooted way of life here is the story of the relations between Native Americans and the Europeans and the thirteen original colonies once upon a time the European colonists who came over to settle along the eastern coast of North America and the natives who had already lived there for thousands of years kind of got along sure there were disputes and skirmishes here and there but generally the two sides coexisted sure it helped that millions of Indians had already died in the previous century from disease which cleared a lot of land and other resources trade generally was pretty darn awesome in the early days of European and Indian relations however with more and more Europeans coming Indians had a hard time keeping up with trade this caused men to hunt more which hurt the gender balance which had previously existed in the tribe also as more and more Europeans came they had this habit of claiming land Europeans and Indian nations usually signed treaties with each other regarding land but the Indian idea of land was generally very different from the European idea of land many Indians practice communal land ownership meaning the entire community owned and shared the land Europeans generally bought and sold land exclusively and individually this different understanding of land ownership led to confusion and later conflict fifteen years after the first permanent English settlement in North and Amerika jamestown was established it was attacked by Powhatan indians who had had enough they took out 347 colonists almost destroying the entire settlement the surviving colonists retaliated thus things went back and forth for quite a while during the 1630s in the Pequot War the Pequot tribe fought Puritans trying to start a colony in Connecticut the Puritans had formed alliances with rival tribes the Narragansett and the Mohegan tribes and defeated the Pequod European and Indian alliances became quite common remember there were hundreds of different Indian nations across North America at the time it'd be silly to assume they all got along remember the pilgrims remember how the Wampanoag chief masses so it peacefully coexisted with the pilgrims and they even shared a nice feast okay watch my pilgrims video if you forgot dadgummit anyway masses so it had a son named Metacomet who the Puritans called King Philip when more and more Europeans encroached or intruded on their territory and disrespected their rights Metacomet lost faith and peaceful relations in 1675 and what became known as King Phillip's war met a comment United Indian tribes to attack the Puritans of Plymouth Colony historians consider the war the deadliest in the history of European settlement in North America in proportion to the population in a little over one year twelve of New England's towns were completely wiped out the region's economy was destroyed and one tenth of all military aged men were killed while it devastated the Puritans it nearly ended the existence of the Wampanoag nation and their allies Metacomet himself was killed in the war the Iroquois or ho Dino Shawnee who lived in modern-day upstate New York were fairly successful in resisting European advances throughout the 1500s and 1600s they had formed a powerful nation by uniting tribes by the mid 1700s they were known to the English as the Six Nations made up of the Mohawk own and Daaga Oneida Cayuga Seneca and Tuscarora nations they practiced strong diplomacy or negotiating skills with both the French and English and state powerful until the Revolutionary War which ultimately broke them apart from 1754 to 1763 the British colonies and French colonies fought in what became known as the French and Indian War which was really the North American theater of a larger war known as the Seven Years War man these names of wars are just so boring and unoriginal while the British hadn't made it clear they intended to settle the frontier their French seemed more interested in trade not settlement because of this many Indian tribes like the Delaware and Shawnee sided with the French although the Six Nations officially were neutral many within the Iroquois Confederacy also helped out both the French and the British after the British won the war the French lost nearly all of its colonial territory and soon Indians only had one enemy that could unite against the British of course in the summer of 1763 Pontiac and Ottawa chief led raids on important British forts other tribes join him and this became known as Pontiacs rebellion the Shawnee chief known as cornstalk led similar attacks in western Virginia the Ottawa and Shawnee weren't messing around they managed to capture all British forts west of the Allegheny Mountains except Detroit Fort Pitt and Fort Niagara the British though had the most powerful military in the world and fought back and defeated most resistance however fearing more tension between Indians and settlers Britain's King George the 3rd issued the proclamation of 1763 prohibiting settlement west of the Allegheny Mountains this proclamation had actually been in the works since before Pontiacs rebellion but now it was more justified as justified as it was many colonists like this crazy rebel dude named George Washington simply ignored it settling west of the proclamation line anyway I think you know where this is going by the American Revolution a similar pattern had emerged time and time again treaties would be drawn between colonists and Indians promising the Indians that colonists would respect their land rights and respect their sovereignty yet time and time again colonists would break their promises and violate the treaties new treaties would be drawn and the process would repeat and repeat until eventually after the United States had been established Indians were simply pushed onto smaller and smaller reservations of mostly less desirable land it's a tragic story and we must never ever forget it the end [Music] [Music]