The American Explorers Explained


Mr. Beat


Crash Course,Keith Hughes,APUSH,Age of Discovery,Christopher Columbus,Ferdinand Magellan (Military Person),Exploration (Literature Subject),explorers,American explorers,history for kids

sorry meat what it is my name is mr. beat for thousands of years millions of human beings lived on the North American continent we call these human beings Native Americans because they were there first but after this dude named Christopher Columbus became the first famous European to stumble upon the giant continent a flood of European explorers came for riches glory conquests and even to spread their religion here is the story of the American explorers once upon a time for thousands of years the human beings on two continents Europe and North America just ignored each other then in the late 1980s a group known as the Norseman more famously known as the Vikings left Iceland heading west led by Eric the Red who had been banished from Iceland for murder they eventually came across the island of Greenland and settled there later eric had a son named Leif Eriksson get it Eric son who grew up to head even further west leading a ship to what is today known as Labrador Baffin Island and Newfoundland thus Erikson became the first known European to explore North America almost 500 years later Christopher Columbus became the next European to explore the Americas and 1492 Columbus sailed the ocean blue sorry about that anyway after ten weeks at sea Columbus reached what is now known as the Bahamas he named the place they landed San Salvador thinking he had reached Asia he kept going until he reached modern-day Cuba which he assumed was China when Columbus returned to Spain the next year he had products with him totally unknown to Europe like coconuts tobacco and potatoes he also had stories of darker skinned native peoples he encountered whom he called Indians because he thought he was sailing in the Indian Ocean Columbus later made three more trips to America between 1494 and 15:02 exploring modern-day Puerto Rico the Virgin Islands Jamaica and Trinidad after all this he still was convinced he was exploring Asia others weren't so convinced Spain and Portugal sent many other ships to explore this quote new world in those early years and on one of the ships sent by Portugal was a dude named Amerigo Vespucci an Italian who was not convinced they were exploring Asia after his trip viewing modern-day Brazil he was sure this land was part of a new continent Vespucci spread the word about the new continent convincing people he was right in Columbus was wrong in 1507 the german cartographer martin waldseemüller made a world map in which he named the new continent America after the Latin feminine version of this poochie's first name which is Americas meanwhile it became clear there were two Americas meaning a North America and a South America after Spanish explorers went exploring like crazy up north in 1513 Juan Ponce de Leon went searching for the Fountain of Youth and ended up finding and naming Florida by the way he never found a fount of youth that same year Vasco núñez de Balboa made it through the Isthmus of Panama to be the first European to reach the eastern coast of the Pacific Ocean in 1519 the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan and his crew sailed around the bottom tip of South America across the Pacific Ocean to the Philippines where Magellan was killed in the Battle of Mactan but his crew kept on going afterwards with Juan Sebastian Elcano now leading sailing around the southern tip of Africa and returning to Europe in 1522 becoming the first expedition to circumnavigate the entire planet and the 1500s Spain became the richest country in the world because of his explorers who were also conquistadors the same year Magellan's crew sailed out from Spain Hernando Cortes and his army conquered the Aztec empire of modern-day Mexico by 1521 Cortes had taken control of all the Aztecs gold and silver mines in 1531 Francisco Pizarro and his expedition took out the Inca Empire of Peru gaining access to the Inca silver mines of potosi so yeah Spain had so much precious metals they didn't know what to do with it all and even caused prices to skyrocket in Western Europe because of it however they killed a bunch of people to get it but wait Spain wasn't finished yet in 1535 through 1536 Pedro de Mendoza went south to present-day Buenos Aires in Argentina founding a colony there meanwhile al VAR nuñez Cabeza de Vaca explored the modern-day Southwest United States where he also traded with and even became a faith healer to various Native American tribes in 1539 Francisco Vasquez de Coronado found the Grand Canyon after that his expedition journey through much of the modern-day Southwest United States as well and then up to the great plains of North America searching for cities of gold that didn't exist around the same time Coronado was on great plains Hernando de Soto explored the modern-day southeastern United States by 1650 Spain had conquered most of North and South America despite the fact that millions of Native Americans were already there tragically these explorers brought European diseases with them that Native Americans were not immune to it's now estimated that between 20 and 100 million natives may have been killed as a result of the diseases which swept through North and South America in 1524 a florentine explorer sailing for France named Giovanni da Verrazzano sailed up the east coast of North America from Florida all the way up to modern New Brunswick he described North America as quote densely populated by the 1600s however it's possible 95% of Native Americans were gone dying from diseases like smallpox it was very post-apocalyptic as Jack O'Brien and Elford Ali from crack calm cleverly pointed out well using your history books to understand what America was like in the hundred years after Columbus landed there is like trying to understand what modern and Hatton is like based on the post-apocalyptic scenes from I am Legend unquote ten years after Verrazano sailed for France Jacques Cartier also sailed for France exploring the st. Lawrence River as far as modern-day Montreal in the 1560s to French explorers Jean rebou and Rene de l'avenir explored Florida but soon the Spanish would kick the French north from that point on the French concentrated their exploration to the north and west in 1608 samuel de champlain built a fort at modern-day quebec and explored modern-day nova scotia south to modern-day Cape Cod sorry I keep saying modern day but I have to be accurate here those who sell for New France didn't get the precious metal Spain did but they did get wealth through the fur trade England also sent explorers in 1497 John Cabot sailed for England and explored modern-day Newfoundland wait Newfoundland is no longer new found land because Leif Ericson found it five hundred years prior but I digress it wasn't until the mid 1500s that England sent more explorers mainly to establish a presence in North America and find a magical Northwest Passage or a water route that went through the continent while the English weren't exceptionally notable for exploration compared to Spain Portugal and France they knew how to colonize which I will get to in a future video the Dutch also got in on the exploration action and 1609 Henry Hudson led an expedition to North America for the Dutch East India Company claiming areas along the Hudson River yeah he named it after himself go figure as far as modern-day Albany New York he also explored further north at the Hudson Bay which of course was named after him and that's where he was abandoned by his crew who mutiny by 1615 other Dutch companies had laid claims between New France in the north and Virginia in the south where the British had laid claims by the 1600s more and more explorers were looking to stay in the Americas instead of claiming and conquering and then heading back to Europe the exploration there would continue for centuries but less on such a wide scale with the European countries now dominating the two continents and nearly all the Native Americans wiped out this exploration is one of the most significant developments in human history though it is something that we don't know a whole lot about all of these American explorers caused what is now referred to as the age of discovery and it was this period that basically created our modern era being in