What is Surrealism Art Movements Styles




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[Music] thank surrealism and you may think of visual artists like Salvador Dali or Rene Magritte but the movement actually began in literature in 1924 through the poet Andre Breton influenced by the writings of Sigmund Freud Surrealists saw the subconscious as the means of revolution and sought nothing less than to change the world surrealism rose from the ashes of Dada like Dada it was an avant-garde movement reacting against the corrupt hypocritical society responsible for sending millions to their death in the first world war both sought to shock the establishment and shared a distrust of logic and a love of the absurd surrealism was also influenced by the ideas of symbolism symbolist artists such as Gustave Morel were seen by Britain as precursors of the surrealist movement surrealist art has sought to liberate a subconscious mind in their art some like Salvador Dali dead this through depiction of dreamlike images rendered and precise detail other artists like Miro explored automatism the means of creating expressive images without engaging the rational mind if a technique celebrated the serendipitous or the random then Surrealists embraced it George vision II used decalcomania to reduce this work paper is painted stuck together they pulled apart to reveal images that can be read or deciphered in many different ways the element of chance was Wharton - surrealist artists surrealism started in Paris but quickly spread throughout the globe in 1936 the International surrealist exhibition was held in london Breton and Dali gave lectures there dolly and a deep-sea diver suit from which he had to be rescued when it became clear he couldn't breathe surrealism thrived ail Sweden Europe - particularly Belgium and Czechoslovakia toy n was a Czech surrealist born Maria Jeremy Nova the name toy n was adopted in early adulthood toy n identified using the Czech languages masculine form and dressed in mains working clothes this exploration of gender has made toy in a cult figure less work the message of the forest depicts a huge blue bird against the dark mysterious wooded background it embodies a recurring theme in their work nature's power or humanity this world is barren dreamlike and inhabited by large arrows fragmented female figures and birds as bizarre even sinister and it's discussion of dreams and nightmares suggests intense anxiety as the Second World War ravaged Europe many Surrealists played across the Atlantic some found a new spiritual home in Mexico and others settled in America where they inspired a new generation of artists Abstract Expressionists such as Jackson Pollock were inspired by the Surrealists approached her torment ISM and the idea that art should come from the unconscious mind other artists have failed inspiration and dreamlike imagery and unexpected juxtapositions of surrealism the photographer francesca Whitman was a keen student of surrealism and her photographs she included props with clear surrealist associations like the metter but was the matter a device of surrealism or was surrealism the matter one helping us see the world with flesh eyes [Music] you