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hello everyone in this video we are going to discuss the key points of national education policy so what is the context context is that recently union cabinet approved the national education policy if you talk about the background at the time of independence illiteracy was a major problem for india the first education minister was maulana abul kalam ajad and he was of the view that there should be various central government educational institutions throughout the country and therefore the union government established university education commission so this university education commission was constituted and it was constituted in 1948. later on the secondary education commission was constituted in 1952 and subsequently in the upcoming years kothari commission was constituted so so it was a kothari commission on whose recommendation then prime minister indira gandhi announced the first national education policy in 1968. so this is the brief background now later this policy was changed in 1986 by then prime minister mr rajiv gandhi and now this is the third national education policy in 2020. so this is the brief background and in this context there were two important committees one is tsr subramaniam committee and another one is dr k kasturi rangan committee so these two committees are important these two are related to the national education policy now let's discuss the key points of this national education policy so from school education perspective the goal is to ensure the universalization of education from preschool to secondary level with hundred percent ger that is gross enrollment ratio by 2030. so what is the meaning of this ger it is gross enrollment ratio and it means the number of students enrolled in the school so idea is to ensure universalization of education from preschool to secondary level the second key point is that to bring the two crore students or school children who left their studies because of various circumstances so the idea is to bring them back into the mainstream through open schooling system and third most important point is this 5 plus 3 plus 3 plus 4 curricula so this is going to replace the 10 plus 2 system now let's understand what is this 5 plus 3 plus 3 plus 4 system so this is the new academic structure in which first five years will be foundational out of those first five years first three will be for preschool or for anganwadi and next two years will be fourth class first and second so this is foundational basis second is preparatory so second stage is preparatory stage and this will have three years that is from class third to class fifth so this will focus on the activity based and activity based interactive learning third stage is middle stage and this is of three years from class six to eight so this will focus on experimental learning in different subjects such as science mathematics arts social science and humanities and fourth stage is secondary stage this is going to be for four years so here the focus is on multi-disciplinary study greater critical thinking and flexibility in the choice of subjects so this is how this new curricular system is going to be that's that is 5 plus 3 plus 3 plus 4 that is 3 years in anganwadi and 12 years in school so these 12 years are in school and 3 years in anganwadi this will replace the existing structure of 10 plus 2 system apart from that the board exams will be made easier and the focus will be on testing the core competencies rather than checking the factual memory and the students will be allowed to take exams twice so the key key points are focus on core competencies and the students can take exam twice apart from that there will be new accreditation framework and this accreditation framework will focus on the school governance so there will be an independent authority and that is going to regulate both public and private schools apart from that there is a provision of vocational training what is the meaning of vocational training that means training for the employment that prepare you for the job so the focus will be on vocational training and it will start from the class sixth itself so this will be done through internships in addition to that the teaching up to at least grade 5 will be in mother tongue or in regional language and no language will be imposed on the students so board exams are going to be more simpler focus will be on core competencies exams that means students can appear in exams twice there will be new authority to regulate public and private schools and the focus will be on vocational training and vocational training will start from class sixth and till fifth grade the teaching will be in mother tongue or in the regional language then there will be ncfte what is ncfte it is national curriculum framework for teacher education so this is going to be framework for teacher education and this will be formulated by ncte in consultation with ncert what is ncte it is national council for teacher education what is ncert it is national council of educational research and training so this is a framework for teacher education and by 2013 the minimum degree qualification for teaching will be a four year integrated ba degree so these were the key points for school education now for higher education the ger target is to increase to 50 by 2035. so this is the ger target for higher education what is the er it is gross enrollment ratio right now this ratio is at 26.3 percentage so till 2030 we have to increase it to 50 percent apart from that in case of higher education amphi will be discontinued and therefore the students can pursue phd after master degree or after a four year bachelor degree program without amphi in addition to that m e r u's will be set up meru stands for multi-disciplinary education and research universities so these universities will be at par with iit and iim for research nrf will be created what is nrf it is national research foundation so this is going to be the apex body to promote research culture then for the regulation of higher education sector there will be heci that is higher education commission of india so it will be the top regulatory body for the entire education system except medical and legal education so these two are exemptions and this hcci will have four independent verticals that means four institutions these are nherc that is national higher education regulatory commission so this is for regulation then gec that is general education council this is for standard setting then third is h e g c that is higher education grants council so this will be for funding and fourth is going to be nac that is national accreditation council so this one is for accreditation so these four institutions are going to be as a part of are going to function as a part of hcca hcci is responsible for the regulation of entire higher education except medical and legal apart from that the affiliation of the colleges will be phased out in 15 years and there will be graded system that means a grade university will have higher autonomy than b grade the new education policy also propose a netf that is national education technology forum so this is to pro to provide the technological advancement in the field of education then there will be a national assessment center it is going to be parak the policy aims to increase the public investment in education sector to six percent of gdp right now it is approximately 4.6 percent of gdp so the key points are 100 that means universalization of preschool to secondary education to bring back dropout school children through open schooling system then there will be five plus three plus three plus four curricular system then for board exams they are going to be easier focus will be on core learning for accreditation there will be nac there will be independent authority to regulate both public and private schools focus will be on vocational training mother tongue will be important and teaching will be done in madatan till 5th grade then there will be ncfte this is for teachers education and by 2030 minimum degree qualification for teaching will be a four year integrated degree program and for higher education the target is to increase ger to 50 by 2035 right now it is 26.3 percentage then there won't be any anfield program and there will be national research foundation to promote research and there will be multi-disciplinary education and research universities then to regulate the higher education sector it is hcci that is higher education commission of india so this will regulate entire higher education system except medical and legal and it will have four vertical organizations that is national higher education regulatory council for regulation general education council for standard setting higher education grants council for funding and nac for accreditation the affiliation of the colleges will be phased out in 15 years and then there will be a graded system and the autonomy will be decided on the basis of these grades then to promote technology there is netf that is national educational technology forum for assessment there is going to be a parak so this is national assessment center and the target is to increase the public investment in education and the target is six percent right now it is four point six percent apart from that there are few other important points for example it it also provides a way for foreign universities to set up their campus in india it also provide for general inclusion fund and special education zones for the disadvantaged groups and last most important point is that mhrd that is ministry of human resource development will now be moe that is ministry of education so so these were the key points of this new national education policy if this will be implemented properly then it will have a great impact on our demographic dividend so that was all for today thank you

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